The interview and interview types (TYPES (STRUCTURED INTERVIEW (A…
The interview and interview types
The research interview is a prominent data-collection
strategy in both quantitative and qualitative research.
A structured interview, sometimes called a standardized interview, entails the administration of an interview
schedule by an interviewer. The aim is for all interviewees to be given exactly the same context of questioning. Questions are usually very specific and very often offer the interviewee a fixed range of answers (this type of question is often called closed, closed ended, pre-coded, or fixed choice).
the interviewer has a series of questions that are in the general form of an interview schedule but is able to vary the sequence of questions.
The interviewer typically has only a list of topics or issues. The style of questioning is usually informal.
it is a general term that embraces interviews of both the semi-structured and unstructured kind
this one sometimes refers to an unstructured interview
but more often refers to both semi-structured and unstructured interviewing.
FOCUS INTERVIEW or FOCUS GROUP
It refers to an interview with several people using predominantly open questions to ask interviewees questions about a specific situation or event that is relevant to them and of interest to the researcher. The technique allows the researcher to develop an understanding about why people feel the way they do.
The focus group offers the researcher the opportunity to study the ways in which individuals collectively make sense of a phenomenon and construct meanings around it
a situation in which members of a group discuss a variety of matters that maybe only partially related.
ORAL HISTORY INTERVIEW
This is an unstructured or semi-structured interview in which the respondent is asked to recall events from his or her past and to refl ect on them.
LIFE HISTORY INTERVIEW
the aim of this type of unstructured interview is to glean information on the entire biography of each respondent
These different kinds of interview share some common features, such as the eliciting of information by the interviewer from the interviewee and the operation of rules of varying degrees of formality or explicitness concerning the conduct of the interview.