Bullying Exerts Psychiatric Effects into Adulthood (Research into the…
Bullying Exerts Psychiatric Effects into Adulthood
Four groups were studied from adolescence into adulthood.
Non impacted individuals(more than half of the group)
Only victim(Around a quarter of the group)
victims had four times the amounts of agoraphobia, generalized anxiety, and panic disorder
Victims report the greatest anxiety problems as adults. They might become successful people later on, but they still think about the event and hold onto it.
Only bully(Around 7%)
bullies had four times the risk of developing antisocial personality disorder.
Bullies are socially adept and may find ways in adulthood to use these skills in a pro-social manner.
Bully-Victim (Around 7%) Also called "loners"
"Loners" had 14 times the risk of panic disorder, 5 times the risk of depressive disorders, and 10 times the risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior
These individuals start out with less developed social skills and are seen as more impulsive and aggressive by peers and teachers. When picked on, they respond by picking on others.
This group deals with the most problems later in life.
Research into the effects of bullying is becoming more popular.
Possibly reduce human suffering and long-term health costs
Would create a safer environment for children to grow up in.
Study needs more information
Some key molecules and brain circuit pathway shave been identified in animals.
Areas under exploration include physiology, genetics, epigenetics, and cognitive therapies
Once interventions are identified, research is needed to identify at what stages in life they should they be administered.
Factors that play a role in bullying and victimization need more exploration.
Peer interactions play an important role and researchers are still determining what.
Results Based on Experiment