VERBS (There are 5 verbal tenses (INFINITIVE Ex: to cook, to go, to be,…
There are 5 verbal tenses
INFINITIVE Ex: to cook, to go, to be
PRESENT Ex: cook/cooks, go/goes, am/is/are
PAST Ex: cooked, went, was/were
PAST PARTICIPLE Ex: cooked, gone, been
PRESENT PARTICIPLE Ex:
AUXILIARY VERBS are function words, a type of closed class wich is constituded of words that have a grammatical function as opposed to contend words.
Be(am, are, is, was, were,being) can, could, do(did, dos, doing)have(has, had, having), may, might, must, shall, should, will, would.
Auxiliary verbs are words that are followed by other verbs. They can be classified in to modal an non modal auxiliares.
Principal Auxiliars: To be, To have, To do.
Modal Auxiliars: Can, could, may, might, must, had, shall, should, will, would
Non modal: Be, Do, Have
Semi Modals: To need, To Dare, used.
Modals: can, could, may, might,will, would, shall, should, must
Can serve as predicative verb (A predicative verb is a verb that behaves as a grammatical adjective; that is, it predicates (qualifies or informs about the properties of its argument).
SEMANTIC Refers to state, activity, change of states,.
SIMPLE PRESENTE USE:Repeat actions, Generalizations
PRESENT CONTINUOUS USE: Actions happening now. Actions happening around now
SIMPLE PAST USE: Completed action. How Long.
PAST CONTINUOUS USE: Interrupeted action.
Can be suffixed by for inflectional affixed. Ex: 3rd Person Singular(-s); Past Tense(-ed); Past Participle(-ed); Presente participle(-ing);
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS USE: How long.
PAST PERFECT USE: Past before past. How.
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS USE: How long.
FUTURE PERCFECT USE: Completed action before future action
FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS USE: How long before future action.
These verb tenses combine with four verbal aspects,shown
in the visual to the left.
PRESENT PERFECT USE: Unspecified time. How long