Three-part exchange: an initiating utterance, a response and a follow-up move.
Manners of initiating conversations:
● Directives: they have no possibility of answer (orders).
● Informatives: express beliefs, thoughts... (reports).
● Elicitation: it elicits an obligatory answer.
Permanent characteristics of language:
● The individuality of each speaker, who is unique, he/she has a special voice, handwriting….
● Dialect: depends on the geographical position.
● Time: the diachronic information (period in history).
● Medium: the objective of the transmission of information, such as speaking to be heard in a class lesson, or speaking to be written as in an oral recorded interview.
● Participation: depends on the number of people that participate in the conversation.