<--- PAST SIMPLE / PAST PERFECT ---> (Use for: (For actions that…
<--- PAST SIMPLE / PAST PERFECT --->
We use it with finished actions, states or habits in the past
When we know from general that the time period has finished.
Velázquez painted the Meninas
When we have a finished time word
(yesterday, last week, at 2 o'clock, in 2003)
I went to the cinema yesterday
that we have introduced with the present perfect or another tense
I've been on holiday. I went to Catalunya
to talk about things that are not real in the present or future
I wish I had more time!
For stories or lists of events, we often use the past simple for the actions in the story and the past continuous for the background.
He went to a café. People were chatting and music was playing. He sat down and ordered a coffee.
For actions that happened before a past event
the film before?
In if (conditional) snetence
I wish I
for my exams.
In reported speech
John said that he
Negative form: Subject + HADN'T + Past Participle
Interrogative form: HAD + Subject + Past participle + ?
Afirmative form: Subject + HAD + Past Participle.
David Nofuente Hernández 21/11/2019