Formation of Western Europe (Church Reform and the Crusades (The Age of…
Formation of Western Europe
Church Reform and the Crusades
The Age of Faith
Problems in the Church
Bishops sold Church positions, a practice called Simony
Many village priests went against religion and got married and had families
Priests were illiterate and couldn't read their prayers
Reform and Church Organization
Pope Leo IX and Pope Gregory VII enforced church laws against Simony and the marriage of priests
The pope's group of advisers was called the papal Curia.The Curia also acted as a court.It developed Canon Law (law of the Church)on matters such as marriage, divorce and inheritance
The Church collected taxes in the form of tithes. This consumed one tenth the yearly income from every Christian family
New Religious Orders
1200's wandering friars traveled around spreading the Churches ideas
A Spanish priest, Dominic founded a group of friars called the Dominicans.Many were scholars.
An Italian named Frances of Assisi founded a group of Friars but treated the friars and animals as his brothers and sisters.
Cathedrals-Cities of God
A New Style of Church Architecture
In the 1100's a new style of architecture called gothic evolved throughout medieval Europe.
The term gothic comes from the Germanic tribe named the Goths.
Unlike the heavy, gloomy Romanesque buildings, gothic cathedrals thrust upwards as if they were reaching for heaven
The emperor asked