TEACHING CULTURE IN THE EFL CLASSROOM (What foreign language teachers…
TEACHING CULTURE IN THE EFL CLASSROOM
Goals of culture instruction
Making students aware of the way people act,the effects of social variables and how people in the target culture conventionally act under different circumstances.
Being critical about the target language culture.
Developing skills necessary for locating and organizing materials about the target culture.
Developing intellectual curiosity about the target culture and empathy towards its people.
What foreign language teachers think about
the role of culture in learning and teaching a foreign language
The role of the culture is as important as teaching the foreign language.
The more students know about the foreign culture, the more tolerant they are.
Most of the teachers think a foreign language and its culture can be taught together in a foreign language classroom.
culture teaching objectives
Teachers consider providinginformation about daily life and routines as the most important objective of culture teaching.
Graduated teachers waht to promote their students´ability to handle intercultural contact situations whereas non graduated teachers give importance to teaching a variety of cultural expressions.
The teachers see understanding of one’s own culture as a prerequisite to develop intercultural awareness and sensitivity.
the kinds of culture teaching activities they practice
Teachers usually do not have enough time to do activities related to to culture, but they try to use different sources when dealing with the target culture such as asking their students to
think about the image that the media promote of the foreign culture often or occasionally, also using videos, CD-ROMS or the Internet to illustrate an aspect of the foreign culture.
their familiarity with the foreign language culture
Non graduated teachers were more familiar with the history, geography and political system of the English culture compared to graduated teachers.
Most of the teachers were sufficiently familiar to
the ethnic and social diversity
Teachers mostly stated that they were familiar with various aspects of culture such as daily life, routines, living conditions, food and drink, education, folklore and tourist atractions.
Cultural aspects they deal in foreign laguage classroom
The teachers and the school administration pay specific
attention for the consistency among the teachers in terms of the topics covered and materials used.
Teachers´experiences with the culture in the language classroom are generally limited to the course materials.
Problems teacher encounter when teaching culture
The study of culture requires time but teachers feel they do not have time enough to include culture after expose students to grammar and vocavulary.
Teachers may fear of not having sufficient knowledge on the target culture.
Students’ negative attitudes
Lack of adequate training on behalf of teachers.
Teachers may not know how to measure cross cultural competence and changes in students’ attitudes