The History of Organ Transplants (through the years (In 1952 there was a…
The History of Organ Transplants
The first ever succesful organ transplant
Imagine needing a new organ. You get put on a list and when one becomes available you get it. Well 100 years ago it wasn't like that. People couldn't get new organs and they died.
through the years
The mid 1900s century led to more success and organ transplants became a routine procedure.
1954 was the first successful kidney transplant.
In the 1800s researchers experimented with organ transplants on animals and humans.
In 1933 a kidney transplant was preformed, but the donor and the receiver were not a blood match and the kidney wasn't put into the receiver until 6 hours after the death of the donor, so it was a fail.
Doctors researched with cows a lot.
In 1952 there was a kidney transplant between two living people and the kidney failed after just 3 weeks.
There was a lot of struggle with the body rejecting foreign organs from non-identical twins.
Organ donation is when somebody has a failing organ and doctors find a matching organ for that person and that organ is put in the sick person that needs it. Organ donations are typically from deceased people.
Scientists predicted that immune system reactions should be minimal between identical twins (because their organs were indistinguishable to each other’s immune systems).
Joeseph E. Murray and his colleagues at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston performed the first truly successful kidney transplant from one twin to another. This was done without any immunosuppressive medication. A photograph of this procedure is seen above.
More kidney transplants between identical twins were successfully performed, and some of those kidney recipients are still alive today.