Why didn't everyone benefit from the boom? (PEOPLE WHO WORKED IN OLD…
Why didn't everyone benefit from the boom?
People immigrated to the US, as they were looking to succeed.
Their economic situation did not improve in America, as they struggled to get a job because many were less educated than other workers.
They faced discrimination
The unemployment rate amongst new immigrants remained high throughout the decade
They were willing to work in any kind of job for very low wages. Because of this, they experienced more and more prejudice.
50 million people earned a living from farming.
Half of americans lived in rural areas.
New machines made America farming the most efficient in the world.
During war the surplus was sold to Europe.
After war USA faced competition with canadian farmers.
PEOPLE WHO WORKED IN OLD INDUSTRIES
Old industries were undergoing modernisation, particularly mechanisation
There was a huge demand for steel
Workers in the industries of raw materials, such as cotton, coal, tin and copper, were suffering.
There was overproduction in these industries, prices dropped and wages fell.
Too much coal was being produced and the market was shrinking, as oil, gas and electricity were increasingly used as alternatives.
Mines closed and wages were cut.
Safety standards dropped, and the working day grew longer.
The biggest concentration of black people was in the Southern states.
They were eider laborers or sharecroppers (they paid a share of their crops to the landowner).
Three quarters of a million los their jobs during the 1920s being farm workers.
By the end of the decade 25% were living North.
Many black women worked as low-paid domestic servants.
Most industries had all-white policy and hired blacks in small numbers.
Many went to the North to find new jobs, as they had greater opportunities than in the South.