As a short story that deals with the absurd, Kafka's The Metamorphosis also does a great job dealing with philosophical reality. We are immediately dropped into an absurd, illogical universe when Gregor, the main character, wakes up as what we assume to be some sort of beetle. Although Gregor is rattled, and rightly so, the responses of the other various characters add to the sense of absurdity, specifically because they seem almost as absurd as Gregor’s transformation itself. This text relates to the self and identity because of the struggle that Gregor has over making his own decisions. But also, the collective plays a large part in how Gregor views himself. He feels obligated to make money for his family because he is the only breadwinner, but his job is driving him crazy. The consequence of this ends up being that Gregor’s metamorphosis creates a vast psychological distance between Gregor and those around him, ultimately widening the void between self and collective.