A Christmas Carol Stave 1 (Scrooge ( disbelief, refusing to admit that he…
A Christmas Carol Stave 1
serves to remind readers of the joy and good cheer of the Christmas holiday
"darkness is cheap, and Scrooge liked it"
disbelief, refusing to admit that he sees Marley's ghost
"a strange case of food poisoning"
represents greed, apathy, and all that stands in opposition to the Christmas spirit
Scrooge's implic it defense of the Poor Laws
prisons are the only "charity" he cares to support
Equally greedy as Scrooge in his life
died 7 years ago
The narrator considers that the phrase “dead as a doornail” doesn’t even describe Marley's lifelessness well enough.
this establishes Scrooge's friendship with Marley as well as his aloneness now he's gone
Introduction of Scrooge
selfish and greedy
"a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner"
"Hard and sharp as flint"
"secret, and self-self-contained, and solitary as an oyster"
Scrooge begrudgingly agrees to give Bob a day off
personifies those who suffer under the "Scrooges" of the world
Dickens dismisses the excuses of the indifferent upper class as an irresponsible, selfish, and cruel defense