causes and effects of overpopulation and underpopulation (causes …
causes and effects
overpopulation and underpopulation
Decline in the Death Rate: At the root of overpopulation is the difference between the overall birth rate and death rate in populations.
Better Medical Facilities: Science was able to produce better means of producing food, which allowed families to feed more mouths
More Hands to Overcome Poverty
Immigration: Many people prefer to move to developed countries like US, UK, Canada and Australia where best facilities are available in terms of medical, education, security and employment. The end result is that those people settle over there and those places become overcrowded.
Depletion of Natural Resources: The effects of overpopulation are quite severe. The first of these is the depletion of resources.
Degradation of Environment: With the overuse of coal, oil
and natural gas, it has started producing some serious effects on our environment. A rise in the number of vehicles and industries have badly affected the quality of air
Conflicts and Wars: Overpopulation in developing countries puts a major strain on the resources it should be utilizing for development.
Rise in Unemployment: When a country becomes overpopulated, it gives rise to unemployment as there fewer jobs to support large number of people
The fertility rate in many developed and developing countries has dropped to about two children per women due to factors like literacy, economic development or urbanization
Emigration: Emigration is the movement of individuals from one country to another with the intention of permanently settling in their destination.
Disease:Disease and illness has always caused a decline in the population. The emergence of new diseases like HIV/AIDS which has decreased the population globally.
Famine:Famine is the scarcity of food caused due to factors like crop failure and disproportionate population
Unstable Economy:Under – population has an adverse effect on the economy causing deflation (decrease in the overall price levels of goods and services). A decline in the population leads to lack of demand.
Decrease in pollution and environmental problems:The pressure on natural resources and the basic infrastructure of an area decreases. Levels of pollutions are cut down too.
Population ageing:Due to decreased rates of procreation, there is an increase in the social and economic pressure on the youth who have to expand the per capita output in order to support the economy. .
Labour shortage:Declining populations could create labour shortages which could have both positive and negative effects