Russia Administration After c.1450 CE (Vocabulary (Ivan IV (Ivan IV was a…
Russia Administration After c.1450 CE
-Russia made exchanges with foreign cultures all over Afro-Eurasia.
Since industrialization didn’t bring in enough revenue, Peter began taxing workers.
He used a tax on individuals instead of a tax on households.
Peter the Great created shipyards in St. Petersburg and mines in the Ural Mountains.
He also encouraged people into more specialized professions, such as mining, gunpowder making, paper making, leather-working, woodworking, and metallurgy.
From c. 1547-1917 CE, Russia was ruled by a monarch called the tsar.
He expanded Russia, conquering several groups of the Golden Horde's descendants and the Crimean Tartars.
His empire spanned North Afro-Eurasia.
He tried to quell boyar-tsar relations. Eventually, he punished the boyars by forcing them to move to Moscow and he created the oprichnina, a military force that served the tsar, to further suppress the boyars.
He had to deal with the conflicting values of the Church, the boyars, and members of the his royal family.
He was known as Defender of Orthodoxy because he was active in the protection of the Church. Eventually, he lost favor with the Church because of his changes to the government.
Province leaders were paid a salary instead of taking bribes and stealing taxes.
He created a senate to take leadership when he was away.
He built St. Petersburg into a worthy capital. The streets were organized and great buildings, like the Winter Palace, were built.
Ivan IV was a tsar in Russia from c. 1547-1584 CE. He was known as Ivan the Terrible. One of his achievenments is the expansion of Russia's borders.
Boyars were the noble landowning class.
Serfdom was a system in which peasants were given land and the protection of a noble. The serfs were forced to live on the land and had limited freedom.
Peter the Great was a tsar of Russia who ruled from c. 1682-1725 CE. He was a part of the Romanov Dynasty.
The Romanov Dynasty was a ruling family in Russia that took power in c. 1613 CE.