𝔽𝕦𝕥𝕦𝕣𝕖 𝕋𝕖𝕟𝕤𝕖𝕤 (𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒊𝒏𝒖𝒐𝒖𝒔 𝒘𝒊𝒕𝒉…
𝒃𝒆 𝒈𝒐𝒊𝒏𝒈 𝒕𝒐
𝚊𝚏𝚏𝚒𝚛𝚖𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚎: subject + am/are/is + going to + verb in infinitive form
𝚗𝚎𝚐𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚎: subject + am not/aren´t/isn´t + going to + verb in infinitive form
𝚒𝚗𝚝𝚎𝚛𝚛𝚘𝚐𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚎: am/are/is + subject + going to + verb in infinitive form + ?
𝚎𝚡𝚊𝚖𝚙𝚕𝚎𝚜: Aff: Ana is going to wait at Laura´s house/ Neg: We aren´t going to go to the cinema/ Int: Is she going to sell her house?
tomorrow, tonight, next month, next year, next week, later, soon, in an hour, in the future, on + day of the week ...
we use the be going to form for the future when we want to talk about intentions or decisions and for explain what are going to sucess because we have some hints
intentions: I´m going to paint the house
hints: She´s going to have a baby
𝚊𝚏𝚏𝚒𝚛𝚖𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚎: subject + will + verb in infinitive form
𝚗𝚎𝚐𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚎: subject + won´t + verb in infinitive form
𝚒𝚗𝚝𝚎𝚛𝚛𝚘𝚐𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚎: will + subject + verb in infinitive form
𝚎𝚡𝚊𝚖𝚙𝚕𝚎𝚜: Aff: I will work in a school / Neg: i think, we won´t have any books in our library / Int: Will she come with us?
Will use the same times expressions that in be going to
Talk about actions or future facts, predict what is believed to happen and talk about sudden actions
future facts: Sara will come to our house
predict: i think i will pass the last exam
sudden actions: i´m hungry, i will eat some fruit
𝑷𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝑺𝒊𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒆 𝒘𝒊𝒕𝒉 𝒇𝒖𝒕𝒖𝒓𝒆 𝒎𝒆𝒂𝒏𝒊𝒏𝒈
Subject + don´t/doesn´t
Do/Does + subject +?
Aff: i usually do judo/ Neg: she plays tennis twice a week/ Int: do they stay at home always?
Subject + verb (3ª pers -s)
We use this time for talk about timetables and programs
Timetables: English class starts at 9.00 o´clock
Programs: the film finishes at ten o´clock
usually, always, never, every + day of the week, twice a week, once a month, in general, every other day.
𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒕𝒊𝒏𝒖𝒐𝒖𝒔 𝒘𝒊𝒕𝒉 𝒇𝒖𝒕𝒖𝒓𝒆 𝒎𝒆𝒂𝒏𝒊𝒏𝒈
𝚊𝚏𝚏𝚒𝚛𝚖𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚎: subject + am/are/is + verb with ing
𝚗𝚎𝚐𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚎: subject + am not/aren´t/isn´t + verb with ing
𝚒𝚗𝚝𝚎𝚛𝚛𝚘𝚐𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚎: am/are/is + verb with ing
𝚎𝚡𝚊𝚖𝚙𝚕𝚎𝚜. Aff: I am cooking fot my new friends/Neg: I am not woorking next Monday/Int.: Are they staying at home next weekend?
right now, today, tomorrow, next weekend
We use present continuous when we need to talk about future personal plans and and have been fixed in advance
I am studying english tomorrow
Difference between be going to and present continuous, be going to talk about sure sucess but present continuous talk about an intention
𝚊𝚏𝚏𝚒𝚛𝚖𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚎: subject + will be + verb with ing
𝚗𝚎𝚐𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚎:subject + won't be + verb with ing
𝚒𝚗𝚝𝚎𝚛𝚛𝚘𝚐𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚟𝚎: Will + subject + be + verb with ing
𝚎𝚡𝚊𝚖𝚙𝚕𝚎𝚜. Aff: she will be studying tomorrow./Neg: she won't be studying tomorrow/ Int: Will she be studying tomorrow?
Tomorrow, next Monday, next week, next month, next year...
We use future continuous to indicate something that will be happening at a specific moment in the future
𝚎𝚡𝚊𝚖𝚙𝚕𝚎𝚜: She will be workingat home on Friday
Here in this link you can watch a small review of future tenses