Skeletal System Samantha Robles p.5 (Bones (radius (the thicker and…
Skeletal System Samantha Robles p.5
part of the bones of the mid-foot and are tubular in shape.
the long bone in the upper arm.
are long bones within the hand that are connected to the carpals, or wrist bones, and to the phalanges, or finger bones.
figers or toes
heel bone, is a large bone that forms the foundation of the rear part of the foot.
forms the human wrist.
located at the base of the lumbar vertebrae and that is connected to the pelvis.
the thicker and shorter of the two bones in the human forearm.
also known as the tailbone, is a small, triangular bone resembling a shortened tail located at the bottom of the spine.
the thinner and longer of the two bones in the human forearm.
breastbone is a long flat bone located in the central part of the chest.
known as shoulder bone, shoulder blade, wing bone or blade bone, is the bone that connects the humerus
called thighbone, upper bone of the leg or hind leg.
collarbone, between the shoulder blade and the sternum or breastbone.
larger, stronger, and anterior of the two bones in the leg below the knee in vertebrates
calf bone is a leg bone located on the lateral side of the tibia
In bone fracture repair, there are four stages to repair a broken bone: the formation of hematoma at the break, the formation of a fibrocartilaginous callus, the formation of a bony callus, and remodeling and addition of compact bone.
Allows for movement
Maintains mineral levels in the blood.
Supports the body
Protection for the vital organs
Aids red blood cell production (hematopiesis)
This is the process of making blood cells. It occurs in the red bone marrow.
The difference between the Female and Male pelvis would be that the female pelvis is larger and broader than the males, and the male pelvis is taller, narrower, and more compact.
Bone remodeling is a lifelong process where mature bone tissue is removed from the skeleton which is called bone resorption and new bone tissue is formed which is called ossification or new bone formation.
sometimes called an ellipsoidal joint. This type of joint allows angular movement along two axes, as seen in the joints of the wrist and fingers, which can move both side to side and up and down.
Saddle joints allow angular movements similar to condyloid joints but with a greater range of motion. An example of a saddle joint is the thumb joint.
allows rotational movement, an example of a pivot joint is the joint of the first and second vertebrae of the neck that allows the head to move back and forth.
slightly rounded, in this way one bone moves while the other remains stationary, like the hinge of a door. The elbow is an example of a hinge joint.
allows for gliding movements, and so the joints are sometimes referred to as gliding joints.
allows the greatest range of motion, as all movement types are possible in all directions. Examples of ball-and-socket joints are the shoulder and hip joints.
Types of bones
The short bones are usually square, cube shaped, such as the wrist, ankle and the patella.
The irregular bones are usually odd, irregular shaped like the pelvis, vertebrae and the scapula.
The long bones are usually longer rather than wide, such as the arms, legs and the phalanges.
Flat bones are flat, thin, curved such as the skull plates, ribs and the sternum.