Skeletal System (bone fracture repair, (More bone fracture names…
bone fracture repair,
Open, compound fracture. The skin may be pierced by the bone or by a blow that breaks the skin at the time of the fracture. ...
Transverse fracture. ...
Stable fracture. The broken ends of the bone line up and are barely out of place.
A fracture is a broken bone. It can range from a thin crack to a complete break. Bone can fracture crosswise, lengthwise, in several places, or into many pieces. Most fractures happen when a bone is impacted by more force or pressure than it can support
More bone fracture names
Greenstick - Incomplete fracture. ...
Transverse - The break is in a straight line across the bone.
Spiral - The break spirals around the bone; common in a twisting injury.
Oblique - Diagonal break across the bone.
Compression - The bone is crushed, causing the broken bone to be wider or flatter in appearanc
Examples of metabolic bone diseases include osteoporosis, rickets, osteomalacia, osteogenesis imperfecta, marble bone disease (osteopetrosis), Paget disease of bone, and fibrous dysplasia.
Diseases and injuries of bones are major causes of abnormalities of the human skeletal system.
Osteoporosis: This is a disease in which the bones become fragile and prone to fracture.
Osteopenia, osteitis deformans, and osteomalacia: Similar to osteoporosis, these are other types of bone loss.
Leukemia: This is a cancer of the white blood cells.
tibia, fibula, femur, metatarsals, and phalanges) and bones in the upper limbs (the humerus, radius, ulna, metacarpals, and phalanges).
Our long bones are hard, dense bones that provide strength, structure, and mobility,
Long bones are mostly located in the appendicular skeleton and include bones in the lower limbs (
Long Bones Support Weight and Facilitate Movement
differences between male and female pelvis,
most reliable means for determining the sex of skeletal remains
The female pelvis is larger and broader than the male pelvis, which is taller (owing to a higher iliac crest), narrower, and more compact.
he angle of the female pubic arch is wide and round while man is a lot narrower.
the subpubic angle is larger in females (greater than 80 degrees) than it is in males (less than 70 degrees)
The remodeling process occurs throughout life and becomes the dominant process by the time that bone reaches its peak mass (typically by the early 20s).
removal of mineralized bone by osteoclasts followed by the formation of bone matrix through the osteoblasts that subsequently become mineralized.
his process of skeletal change is known as bone remodeling, which both protects the structural integrity of the skeletal system and metabolically contributes to the body's balance of calcium and phosphorus. Remodeling entails the resorption of old or damaged bone, followed by the deposition of new bone materia
compact bone tissue,
The compact bone is the main structure in the body for support, protection, and movement.
Compact bone makes up 80 percent of the human skeleton; the remainder is cancellous bone, which has a spongelike appearance with numerous large spaces and is found in the marrow space (medullary cavity) of a bone. Both types are found in most bones
Compact bone, also called cortical bone, dense bone in which the bony matrix is solidly filled with organic ground substance and inorganic salts, leaving only tiny spaces (lacunae) that contain the osteocytes, or bone cells. ... Both types are found in most bones.
Joints are responsible for movement (e.g., the movement of limbs) and stability (e.g.,the stability found in the bones of the skull)
The six types of synovial joints are the pivot, hinge, saddle, plane, condyloid, and ball-and-socket joints
a point at which parts of an artificial structure are joined
movements allowed by synovial
The six types of synovial joints are the pivot, hinge, saddle, plane, condyloid, and ball-and-socket joints.
constitutes the outer boundary of a synovial cavity, and surrounds the bones' articulating surfaces. The synovial cavity/joint is filled with synovial fluid.
Synovial joints allow bones to slide past each other or to rotate around each other.