YEAR 7 CIVICS & CITEZENSHIP (WEEK 1 (6 concepts of civics and…
YEAR 7 CIVICS & CITEZENSHIP
The constitution is a written document that makes all six British colonies one nation, it is a set of rules and laws on how to rule the nation. it was set on the 1st of January 1901, it is known as Australia's birth certificate.
rights and responsibilities
In Australia we have rights and responsibilities, eg. Right-to practise whatever religion we choose Responsibility-to let others practise their religion
3 parts of the Australian government
state-water and power, mining and agriculture, schools, hospitals and roads
local-more than 560 counsels across Australia, street-signs, pet control, rubbish and libraries.
fedral-looks after international affairs, marriage and airforce and defence
6 concepts of civics and citizenship
democratic values-beliefs and ideals held by our society, ability to assess if government is acting as a true democracy
the West minister-Australian government based on it, forms parliamentary government, originates from the UK, lower house of parliament, elected democratically by citizens, independent civil service, serves government in power.
justice-people must treat each other in a fair and balanced manner, if a person breaks the law, he is convicted by the court, laws and rights are written enforcement so government can publicly deliver justice.
participation-the way good citizens contribute to society,most important way we can participate in democracy is by voting, protesting is a form of demonstrating participation
democracy-system of government run by people for the people, citizens elect leaders who represent them in government, develop policies and make laws, citizens over 18 must vote
rights & responsibilities-entitlement responsibilities as citizens,important part of democracy, ensure we have a say in how our country is run, ensure we contribute in society
Seperation of power
Judiciary-judge and bring justice by applying the laws
executive-enforce the laws
all three houses are separate to keep it fair, prevent corruption and so one group or person doesnt gain all the power
three levels of government
state-the state government looks after the state , it deals with water, electricity, mining, agriculture and roads, it is located in the capital city of each state
local-the local government looks after the community it is in, there are over 560 of these counsels across Australia, this level looks after things like pet control, rubbish, road signs and libraries
federal-the federal government looks after all of Australia, it deals with things like international affairs, defence and airforce and marriages, it also makes the law
constitution and separation of power
the three branches of government, also known as the separation of power, consists of judiciary, executive and legislature. These three branches need to be kept separate because it prevents them from becoming corrupt by relying on each other too much.
legislature-enforces the laws
judiciary-applies the law
executive- makes the laws
the australian constitution is a letter of written rules on how to run Australia
roles of groups in government
the Australian government is a bicameral government, which means it has two houses of parliament. (house of representatives senate) and the governor general, who represents the queen in Australia.
the constitution is also known as Australia's birth certificate because it is when all six colonies became one nation.
we started using the constitution on January 1st 19101
inside the constitution are rules and laws on how Australia is run.
separation of power
we need to keep all three branches of government (legislature, judiciary and executive) separate because it prevents them from becoming corrupt from relying on each other too much.
we make sure they remain separated by making sure each branches jobs are very different and one person doesn't work for more than one branch.
revision booklet & test.
changing the referendum
to change the constitution, a bill (draft law) is voted on by the senate and house of representatives, once the bill has passed, the Australian public votes on it through a referendum, which is a vote for the law to be passed, a double majority is needed if the constitution is to be successfully changed
a double majority is when at least half of each state vote yes and at least half of the whole country votes yes.
a referendum is when the Australian public vote on whether a law should be changed or not.
we have to update the constitution as time changes so it is modern and remains relevant.
in 1967, a referendum was held concerning aboriginal people and their rights, saying they should be included in the constitution and have the same rights that white people do. this referendum was extremely successful, with 90.2% of Australia's population voting yes, it is Australia's most successful referendum. it was an important referendum because it takes steps towards making Australia a more fair and equal country.
in 1999. another referendum was held regarding changing Australia from a constitutional monarchy to a republic, although it was a very close vote, 54% voted no and 46% yes. this was an important referendum because it gave Australian citizens a chance to have a say in how their country is run.
1999-the constitution was changed to include aboriginal people and give them more rights because over 90% of people voted yes.
1967-Australia was not changed to republic because 54% of the country didn't agree because they weren't told what type of republic it would be and how it would be run.