Buddhism (Started by Siddhartha Guatama, "Buddha" (Buddha lived…
Started by Siddhartha Guatama, "Buddha"
Buddha lived in Nepal between 600 and 400 B.C.
He spent a night in meditation, achieving awareness and becoming Buddha
He defeated the evil spirit Mar and then saw all the universe and became Buddha
His dad ruled the tribe, his mom dies after his birth
He married at 16, but was kept secluded until 29
In his late 20's he left and saw a diseased man, a decaying corpse and an ascetic and vowed to change his life after seeing those things
He left his palace, wife, and son the next day to become an ascetic
He practiced being an ascetic for 6 years and gained 5 followers
He then realized that he didn't have to deny himself everything, he instead could take the "Middle Way"
Ascetics practice strict self-denial for spiritual discipline
Sangha is their monks, women can be them too; now means entire community
"Nirvana" is similar to heaven, you get there by following eight-fold path over lives
They didn't believe in the caste system so many converts were originlly workers and laborers
Final goal is enlightenment
They preach sermons
Their god is "Buddha"
"Setting in Motion the Wheel of the Dharma" is the sermon that explains the central ideas to Buddhism
They ignored race, gender, and more
They believe in 4 "Noble Truths":
Life is filled with suffering and sorrow,
The cause of all suffering is people's selfish desire for the temporary pleasures of this world,
The way to end all suffering is to end all desires, and
The way to overcome such desires and attain enlightenment is to follow the Eightfold Path (Middle Way)
"Middle Way", or eightfold path, is like a staircase that you have to climb over many lives.
What is the Middle Way? ... It is the Noble Eightfold Path—Right Views, Right Resolve, Right Speech, Right Conduct, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, and Right Concentration. This is the Middle Way. -Buddha