Language Planning and Policy (Language Planning: involve things like…
Language Planning and Policy
which language or languages should be designed as an official language.
differences between L and P
Language policy reffers to more general linguistic.
Language planning refers to all consious efforts that aim the changed the linguistic behaviour.
involve things like making decisions about the status of language. there are also two distinctions in Language Planning
the positions and functions that a particular language or languages have in a country.
the script, the grammar spelling, and so forth, of a language.
is generally seen to represent the national identity of a country. (sometimes an indigenous language is the mother tongue of a conutry).
is a language that is given unique legal status in the country. (this language is generally used by the government administration and law.
Language Planning cannot be seen as if it an autonomous entity, divorced from the circumstances of its use.
Language Acquisition Planning:
is a deliberate effort to influence the function, structure or acquisition of languages or language varieties within a speech community. (everything is mostly related with the government decisions).
focuses more on the human rights, identity, economic opportunity and social status, power, etc.
also suggest the deeply ideological nature of language policy and planning- the careful unpacking of such ideological constructs often reveals the intricate interplay of language and power.
Language Ecology in Singapore:
Even though is small in population, Singapure is big in language. It has 4 official languages, in where English is the predominant language.
Another reason is that it has overly and aggresively attempt to change the speaking patterns of the majority (Chinese) population.
Aminah Ghanem affirms that learning another language at a very young age is crussial for learners when they grow up, they will have more oportunities.
There was an Amendment that declared English as the official language of the United States, However, it would be unlawful for federal or state goverments to implement any other language rather then English.
Expanding Circle: China & Korea
Policies on basic English education, have been linked to the political, economic, and social development in the country.
English in South Korea is associated with globalization and international competitiviness- so mch so that there have been repeated calls for English to be made an official language.
Mind Map: Language Policy