Verb Usage: present and past (overview) , image , Competences linguistic …
Verb Usage: present and past (overview)
Use the simple present tense (but NOT the present continuous)
For facts or regular ocurrents.
I study english. Class meets every day.
With frequency adverbs and time expressions
They never eat before 6:00 on weekends
With stative (non-action) verbs
I remember her now.
For future actions, especially those indicating schedules
Fligth 100 usually leaves 2:00, but tomorrow it leaves at 1:30
Use the present continuos (but NOT the simple present tense)
For actions happening now (but NOT with stative or non-action verbs
They're talking on the phone.
For actions ocurring during a time period in the present
This year I'm studying English.
Use the present perfect or
the present perfect continuous
For unfinished or continuos actions
I've lived here since 2012 or I've been living here since 2012.
We've lived here five years or We've been living here for five years.
Use the present perfect (but NOT the present perfect continuous)
For completed or non-continuing actions
I've never read that book
I'ce already seem him
I've eaten there three times
Use the simple past tense
For actions completed at a specified time un the past
I ate there in 2020. NOT. I've eaten there in 2010
Use the past continuos
For one or more actions in progress at a time in the past.
At 7:00, we were eating dinner.
They were swimming and we were sitting on the beach
Use the past continuos and the simple past tense
For a continuing action in the past that was interrumped.
I was eating when my sister called
Use use to / used to
For past situations and habits that not longer exist
I used to smoke, but I stopped
They didn't use to require a visa, but now they do.
Use the past perfect
To indicate that onepast action preceded another past action.
When I arrived, they had finished luch.
Jorge Luis carrillo 6C2