protein energy malnutrition , felipe - Coggle Diagram
protein energy malnutrition
is a potentially fatal body depletion disorder. its the leading cause of death in children in developing countries.
PEM also refers to protein, clorie malnutrition. it develops in children and adults whose consumption of protein and energy is insufficient to satisfy the nutrition of the body.
PEM is not prevalent among the general population oof the U.S., it is often seen in elderly people who live in nursing homes and in children whose parents are poor.
types of PEM
primary PEM = results from a diet lacks sufficient sources oof protein and energy.
kwashiorkor= also called wet protein - energy malnutrition, is a form of PEM characterized primarily by protein deficiency. this condition usually appears 12 months after brestfeeding is discontinued.
marasmus =primarly caused by energy deficiency, characterized by stunted growth and wasting of muscle and tissue.
comparing height and weight to standardized norms
calculating body mass index (BMI)
measuring skinfold thickness or the circumference of the upper arm
restore normal body composition
cure the condition that caused deficiency
In patients with severe PEM, the first stage of treatment consists of correcting fluid and electrolyte imbalances, treating infection with antibiotics that don't affect protein synthesis, and addressing related medical problems.
poor weight gain
slowing of linear growth
Behavioral changes - Irritability, apathy, decreased social responsiveness, anxiety, and attention deficits.