National Identity :flag-mx: - Coggle Diagram
First inhabitants since 20,000 bC
Cultures like olmecas, zapotecas, toltecas y mixtecas, Aztecs.
Between 1519-1521, Mexicas were conquered by Spaniards which created the Viceroyalty of New Spain
In 1810 Miguel Hidalgo made the "Grito de Dolores" in a Guanajuato´s Church, where he encouraged people to fight for freedom.
This fight ended up in 1821 when Agustín de Iturbide and Vicente Guerrero proclaimed the "Plan de Iguala"
First Mexican Empire began with Agustin de Iturbide in 1822 as new emperor
Mexico had a war with the US, that wanted to expand its territory. Mexico lost Texas, California, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada.
A coup de état took place in 1823 and Mexico became into a republic with Vicente Guerrero as the first president of Mexico
Porfirio Díaz took the power during 31 years. In this era Mexico prospered a lot in Economic and cultural terms, but there also had too much social inequality
This caused a disagreement in Mexican people, who started the Revolución for defeating Porfirio.
The consequences of this conflict were the proclamation of the Constitution in 1917, creation of syndicates for workers, the creation in 1929 of the PNR, the lost of lands from peasants.
Since 1940, Mexico is a republican country
Modern Mexico started since the 1917 Constitution and the election of deputies.
Since 1940 Mexico is a republican country. In 1943 Manuel Avila proclaimed the National anthem. And we are a sovereign country where there is a coexistence of all the people.