TYPES OF DRUGS AND EFFECTS, . - Coggle Diagram
TYPES OF DRUGS AND EFFECTS
Meth/amphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant.
In powder form, this drug is often called 'speed', 'goey' or 'whiz', and the paste form is often called 'base' or 'paste', among other names.
‘Ice’ is a common name for crystal methamphetamine and is particularly potent.
All forms of methamphetamine are synthetically made.
Methamphetamine can be smoked, injected, swallowed, snorted or shafted (rectal administration).
Drugs are substances that have a mental or physical effect when introduced to the body. Illicit drug use illegal drugs and legal drugs or substances.
FIRST,WHAT ARE DRUGS?
Cannabis is a drug that comes from the plant Cannabis sativa.
The main active chemical in cannabis is THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), which is the part that gives the high when consumed.
It is known by a number of names, including 'grass', 'pot', 'weed', 'dope', 'mull' and 'ganja', among many others.
It comes in 3 main forms
marijuana (dried flowers and leaves)
hashish/hash (resin) :
There are many kinds of hallucinogens, including LSD and magic mushrooms.
Hallucinogens are also known as 'psychedelics'.
They change the way a person perceives the world, affecting the senses, altering thinking, sense of time and emotions.
Ecstasy is a man-made drug that has both stimulant and hallucinogenic properties. It is often called 'E', 'pills' or 'eccy'.
The active ingredient in ecstasy is MDMA (3,4-methylene-dioxy-methamphetamine)
It is usually impossible to know exactly what chemicals are contained in ecstasy as manufacturing changes constantly and is not controlled. Ecstasy may or may not contain MDMA, and/or a range of other substances.
Cocaine is a stimulant made from processing leaves of the coca plant and usually comes in powder form.
Cocaine is known as 'coke', 'Charlie', 'snow', 'blow' and other names.Cocaine is known as 'coke', 'Charlie', 'snow', 'blow' and other names.
Analgesics, also known as 'painkillers', are medicines which relieve pain. Most analgesics are safe to use when taken as prescribed or instructed by your doctor or pharmacist, in conjunction with the manufacturer’s instructions on the packaging.
Inhalants, also known as volatile substances, have a range of effects depending on the substance used.
The vapour of volatile substances when inhaled through the nose or mouth can cause a person to feel high or intoxicated.
Benzodiazepines are central nervous system depressants and are commonly prescribed by doctors to relieve stress and anxiety, and to help people sleep.
Common benzodiazepines include Valium, Serepax, Mogadon, Normison.
HEROIN AND OTHER OPIOIDS
Heroin is one of a group of drugs called 'opioids'.
Other opiods include opium, morphine, codeine, pethidine, oxycodone, buprenorphine and methadone.
Opioids are depressants, which means they slow down the body's central nervous system.
Opioids are made from the resin of the seedpod of the opium poppy.
Many forms of opioids are used for medical purposes, mostly for pain relief.
Heroin is an illegal opioid made from morphine or codeine by a chemical process. The potency and purity of heroin varies.