THE REIGN OF THE CATHOLIC MONARCHS - Coggle Diagram
THE REIGN OF THE CATHOLIC MONARCHS
At the end of the 15th century, the Catholic Monarchs’ Isabella I of Castilla and Ferdinand II of Aragón established an authoritarian monarchy on the Iberian Peninsula. The same had also happened in France and England.
THE DYNASTIC UNION OF CASTILLA AND ARAGÓN
As a single state was not created, it is referred to as the Hispanic Monarchy.
In 1469, Isabella, the half-sister of Henry IV of Castilla, married Ferdinand, the Crown Prince of Aragón.
King of Castilla died in 1474
A civil war broke out between the followers of his daughter, Joanna la Beltraneja, who had the support of Portugal, and Isabella, who had the support of Aragón
The conflict ended in 1479 with the victory of Isabella.e
Ferdinand became the King of Aragón
The dynastic union of Castilla and Aragón.
This family union did not result in the creation of a unitary state. Each kingdom retained its own institutions, laws, language, currency and internal boundaries.
The Catholic Monarchs carried out a series of domestic reforms to centralise power.
The number of royal officials was increased, the existing institutions were reformed and new ones were established.
Weaken the power of the nobility
A permanent army was formed with professional soldiers.
Permission was obtained from the Pope to place Military Orders under the monarchs' control.
Most important one
Council of Castilla
Aragón and Navarra
Trained officials began to replace the nobles in these institutions.
Castilian military orders were managed by the Council of Military Orders.
The royal treasury was given greater powers to control and administrate tax collection.
Councils of experts were appointed to advise the monarchs.
The judicial system of Castilla was restructured through the audiencias of Valladolid and Granada.
A militia, the Santa Hermandad, was created to fight crime and keep the peace in rural Castilla.