Great Cultures of Mesoameria - Coggle Diagram
Great Cultures of Mesoameria
Mesoamerica is located from central Mexico to Costa Rica
Gods were represented as mythological beings, a mixture of man and animal or of different animals.
Its rulers proclaimed themselves intermediaries with the Gods or directly as sons of God.
They based their subsistence on agriculture.
Society was divided into very marked social classes.
Olmecs, the first to from states
First Civilitation (1200 B.C)
First Mesoamerican piramid Monumental head carved in stone.
Calendar (365 days, divided into 18 months of 20 days plus five days at the end of the year).
Olmecs created: -First ball game - Heavy ball/break bones
Zapotecas (800 B.C.)
South of Oaxaca and the isthmus of Tehuantepec
Monte alban main center
Buildings, stadiums for ball games
Mayas ( 600 B.C.)
South and southeast of Mexico.
Expanded to Peten (Guatemala and Belize)
Highest pyramid in America (city el Mirador)
Classic Period (around 300 A.C:Maya city-states expanded to El Salvador: new cities were created: Quirigua, Pelenque, Copan, etc.
Invented the zero and writing with logograms
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Located at the current Mexico city
La expansión del imperio azteca se inició en 1427 con la Triple Alianza: Texcoco, Tlacopan y México-Tenochtitlan
The capital had around 250,000 inhabitants
Ended with the arrival of the Spanish