GRAMMAR TRANSLATION METHOD - Coggle Diagram
GRAMMAR TRANSLATION METHOD
PUTERI SITI ZAKIRAH
The primary focus of GTM is on
with little or no systematic attention to listening and speaking.
words are chosen from the reading text used.
words through memorization, bilingual word list and dictionary.
as the basic unit of teaching
The basic unit of teaching and language practice is
. Most of the lesson is in the sentence translation form and into the target language.
is used in grammar. Rules are presented and studied.
The, students will practice through translation exercises.
New grammatical or vocabulary
items in the
to compare the target language and the students' native language.
Students are expected to
attain high standards in translation
They must be
the sentences into their target language and vice-versa.
2.To be able to translate from one language to another
3.To develop reading and writing skills
Emphasize on reading and writing rather than listening and speaking skills
1.To be able to read literature written in the target language
Able to read and understand written target language literature through the study of the grammar of the target language
HOW GRAMMAR IS TAUGHT
Teaching grammar explicitly can be done through drills and activities.
The teacher, in turn, reacts through giving corrective feedback either implicitly or explicitly.
In other words, a teacher can correct errors directly or indirectly (the feedback is masked).
Grammar teaching can be taught through focus on both form and meaning
Grammar teaching also can be further explicit instruction that can help implicit knowledge
To developed into producing meaningful sentences in communicative situation
English grammar is very complex, and all its intricacies cannot truly be learned by rote, they must be really understood
and understanding is most easily achieved when students are engaged, interested and having fun during a lesson.
A SAMPLE LESSON USING THE METHOD TO TEACH
Ask the students to take 5 vocabulary words from their favorite song and then translate it into English.
In teaching a particular lesson in grammar, ask the students to memorize the rules, and they should give their sentences as samples.
Ask students to take down their friends' conversations in their native language and then translate it into English.
Ask students to write 10 verbs from the article assigned to them, and then they should give the synonyms and antonyms.
Ask students to memorize at least 5 words per day in English and give their native language equivalent.