Ch.2 Formulating and clarifying the research topic (2.4 Turning research…
Ch.2 Formulating and clarifying the research topic
2.2 Attributes of a good research topic
Capability: is it feasible?
Assess to information
Appropriateness: is it worthwhile?
Does it meet the guidelines?
clear link to theory?
Will your finding lead to fresh insight
2.3 Generating and refining research ideas
Examining your own strengths/ interests
Examining staff research interests
Looking at past project titles
Searching existing literature
Review articles: these articles contain a considered review of the state of knowledge in a particular topic area and are therefore likely to contain a wealth of ideas about the area. Preliminary search
Scanning the media
keeping a notebook o your ideas
exploring personal preferences using past projects
Exploring relevance to business using the literature
which you start with a broad concept from which you generate further (usually more specific) topics. Each of these topics forms a separate branch from which you can generate further, more detailed sub-branches – similar to mindmap
best undertaken a group of people.
Defining the problem (precisely),
Asking for suggestions
this involves using a group of people who are either involved or interested in the research idea to generate and choose a more specific research idea. Also useful in molding groups into a cohesive whole.
Question group members for ideas
collect research ideas
Ask for their reasoning
Repeat steps 2-5 with new ideas
Repeat until come is reached
This is likely to involve searching for and evaluating relevant literature and other related sources. This may lead to the first iteration of your critical literature review, or help to inform it
2.4 Turning research ideas into research projects
Types of questions (4)
Questions that seek explanation will either commence with ‘why’. ‘How effective?’ is designed to be evaluative
A question that commences with ‘what’, ‘when’, ‘where’, ‘who’, or ‘how’ will lead to an answer that will be at least partly descriptive.
Research Aim & Research Objectives
Is a brief statement of the purpose of the research project. It is often written as a sentence stating what you intend to achieve through your research project.
express ‘how’ you intend to structure the research process to answer your question and achieve your aim
What is theory?
Why is it important?
Advising you to carry out research in a particular way (variable a) is based on the theory that this will yield effective results (variable b).
will require you identify a clear theoretical position when you draft the research question that you will then test.
does not rely on identifying existing theoretical position but it is intended to allow meanings to emerge from data as you collect them in order to identify patterns and relationships to build a theory
What are the variables/ concepts that the theory examines?
Why are these variables/ concepts related?
Causality - Theory is concerned with cause & effect
Logical reasoning - To explain why the relationship exists
Types of theoretical contribution
2.5 Writing your research proposal
referred to as a protocol or outline, is a structured plan of your proposed research project.
Why is proposal necessary? Key terms
clear specification to guide your research project. Looking for evidence of coherence and lucidity in the way you have written your research proposal, to demonstrate that it will be fit for purpose and able to direct your research activity
ethics committee. Where research involves young and vulnerable participants especially. Also how is information kept and distributed
convince your tutor that the proposed research is achievable within the time and other resources available.
A clear specification of the what, why, how when and where of your research project.
Meeting the requirements of those who approve and assess your project.
should simply and concisely summaries the research question
‘how shall I conduct my research?
Research questions aims and objectives
This will help you and your reader to decide on the viability of your research proposal. It will be helpful if you divide your research plan into stages
It needs to introduce the reader to the research issue or problem. This addresses the question, ‘what am I going to do’
Resource considerations may be categorized as finance, data access and equipment. What type of data collect will be used computer software.
A few key literature sources to which you have referred in the background section and which relate to the previous work and theory that directly informs your own proposal, as well as references to the methods literature, should be all that is necessary
intro + chapter 3 stuff
Why review the literature ?
Identify other research in progress
Avoid repeating work
Generate research ideas
Refine research questions and objectives
Organise valueable ideas and findings
Highlight research that's been overlooked
Develop a critical perspective
Insights into strategies and techniques appropriate to your research objectives
Purpose of the critical review ? Different approaches
Skills for reading
Comparing and contrasting
3 Characteristics of reseach
Date is collected systematically
Data are interpreted systematically
Clear purpose, to find things out
What is the relevance gap
The difference of purpose and results - between basiic research and applied research such as universal principles about processes of business vs practical relevance with a solution to a problem
What is Research?
Something that people undertake n order to find things in a systematic way, thereby increasing their knowledge.