How to identify and help a struggling student? by Sara Carcary (Step 1:…
How to identify and help a struggling student?
by Sara Carcary
Step 1: Identify
Identifying the student demographic and learning difficulties in the classroom is very important.
Grades dropping and/or student not participating or trying their best.
Student is anti-social and isolates themselves from others. Student does knot now how to interact with peers.
Negative and/or sudden change in behaviour.
Assistance from staff:
Ask for help from other member of staff to help you observe the student. Wither rom another teacher or management. It can help with a second opinion.
Have an open communication with parents. Ask about the students situation at home and inform parents of performance at school.
Take notes of observations. These can later be used as evidence.
Must observe students to see if anyone is struggling. Teachers must also identify the demographic of their the whole class.
Must inform the school if they are aware of their child having any disabilities or learning difficulties. If so, go directly to Step 2, 3 or 4 (depending on the case).
The school should provide teachers with a protocol of all 3 steps. Identify - Adapted Education - Special Education.
Step 2: Adapted Education
Teachers use a variety of instructions, methods and strategies to accommodate all students in the class.
After identifying the demographic of their class, teachers must plan appropriate activities/strategies that best fits their class. This is something all teachers should do.
The school must provide teachers with training/workshops in how to do differentiated instruction successfully. The school must also provide teachers and students with appropriate materials.
The differentiated instruction is to be benefitted from all students in the class in one way or another.
Put students in different kids of groups (same ability, mixed ability) and promote different kinds of peer work (Think-Pair-Share, Language Share, Peer Tutoring/Coaching)
Diversify text, instruction, language and resources to represent all the different groups in your class (race, religion, disability, socioeconomic differences etc.)
Instructional Tools and Methods:
Variegate difficulty in language, use a wide range of learning activities and develop alternate resources for students,
Teacher-parents-student communication is very important. Teachers share insightful information about how the student is doing in school, and vice-versa.
Teachers also plan meetings with all parties to give insight and discuss progress.
Teacher uses a variety of assessment strategies. Students are allowed to show their understanding in different ways.
Step 3: Special Education
When the Adapted Education is not enough, the school will contact a Special Education Service (SES).
3. IEP (Individual Education Plan)
If the expert evaluation states that the student is eligible for Special Education, an IEP will be created.
The expert evaluation will contain recommendations to the school. From this the school and teachers will create an IEP. The IEP will also be evaluated by the SES.
The student, teacher, parents, school and SES will keep in touch and check in on the students progress.
2. Expert Evaluation:
Through observations, meetings and interviews, the SES will write an expert evaluation of the student. This will determine if the student qualify for Special Education or not.
The report also has to contain recommendations of what and how the student can benefit from the education.
1. Student Profile:
Before even contacting the SES, the teacher and the school has to gather as much information of the student as possible.
Parents meets and cooperates with the SES.
Supports teacher and find funding to provide the student with the appropriate materials.
Teacher meets and cooperates with the SES. Creates and IEP together with the student, school and SES.
Special Education Service:
The SES will conduct interview and observations with/of all parties. Then give their expert evaluation and recommendations of strategies. The Service will also do follow-ups with the school, teacher, parents and student.
Student meets and cooperates with the SES. The students voice is very important in these meetings.