Religious Opposition to Elizabeth (Plots against her (Revolt of the…
Religious Opposition to Elizabeth
Plots against her
Revolt of the Northern Earls
In 1569 The Earls of Northumberland and Westmorland wanted to restore the catholic faith to England
So they organised an army of rebels to fight them
The political motivation was the fact that Elizabeth had removed them from positions of power
She had also taken land which cost them money causing anger at protestantism in general as this was done by the protestant Elizabeth
It was stopped when the rebels heard that the Earl of Sussex had assembled a huge army so they turned and ran. Elizabeth ordered the execution of 700 of them
In 1571 an Italian banker from Florence tried to fund a rebellion by funding the duke of Norfolk
They wanted to Overthrow Elizabeth and make Mary Queen of Scots queen restoring Catholicism in England
They were discovered as one of the Duke of Norfolk's servants betrayed them under interrogation.
Norfolk was then executed and Ridolfi went back to Italy
In 1583 a young English Catholic called Francis Throckmorton wanted to make England Catholic again by placing MQOS on the throne
It was also supported by Spanish Ambassadors
It was foiled as Throckmorton was watched and they found incriminating papers.
Throckmorton was executed.
The Babbington plot
In 1586 Anthony Babington, a 25 year old catholic tried to place MQOS on the throne by murdering Elizabeth therefore restoring catholicism.
It was stopped when Walsingham planted spies in MQOS's house. The spies persuaded her to send incriminating evdence in beer barrels which revealed her envolvement when these wer found on the 17th of July 1586
Babington and two others were executed
MQOS was put on trial and executed on the 8th of February 1587
Spain was one of the most powerful countries in Europe
This was financially as well as in Military power
They were big threats to England because...
They were extremely powerful
Elizabeth supported protestant dutch rebels angering Phillip
Spain were further angered by England's seizure of Genoese loan in 1568.
Spain was catholic!!!!
War broke out in 1562 between French catholics and protestants
Elizabeth backed the french protestants
She did this because she wanted Calais
They made a truce which meant it looked bad on Elizabeth
If they went to war with both of them it wouldn't be good as England wasn't very financially stable after Mary spent all the money