Humanism and the Renaissance (Continuity of the feudal economics and…
Humanism and the Renaissance
Continuity of the feudal economics and society:
Nobleme: did not work and they only paid taxes to the monarch if they agreed to do so in the courts and parliaments.
The clergy: Had a spiritual function in society, Continued to enjoy privileges such as collection tithe payments and having their own justice system.
Third state: most members of this estate were peasants although it also included artisans, merchants, doctors and lawyers. they did not have their own justice system.
Collective privileges: Cities enjoyed the greatest collective privileges and exercise through the city council.
Factors leading to geographical discoveries
One of the most significant historical events was the discover unknown to europeans through maritime exploration.
Political and religious factors: The significant rivalry between islamic and christian states.
Sociological factors: They associated with the Renaissance and the desire to learn and explore.
Demographic factors: The population grew and higher demand for precious metals and products.
Scientific and technical factors: There were scientific and technological advances in navigation.
Economic factors: Gold and silver were needed to make coins and europe dependent on products such as spices and silk.
Continuity: kings and kingdoms: The social structure was reflected in the political order of the time. Power was fragmented and was often the subject of disputes between monarchs. The disputes led to the appearance courts and parliaments of the estates of the realm.
Key characteristics of a new era.
There was a lot of continuation from the middle age and the early modern period was a time of great change in europe:
Religious changes: Is a period of religious intolerance and the jews and the muslims were persecuted, new sets of beliefs against the pope.
Social changes: As cities grew the wealthy middle became more important. The peasants had power and nobility and the european recovered the population crisis.
Cultural changes: new artistic styles appeared in the Renaissance art as well as new cultural movements.
Economic changes: craftwork and trade experienced a period of important growth, but crop and livestock are the main economic activities.
Political changes: although the parliaments did not disappear and monarchies gained a lot of power.