History (and then becuase of railway, exposive growth of cottom industry…
and then becuase of railway, exposive growth of cottom industry
because now cotton could be easily transported
Bales of cottom imported in liverpool | 1784-8 | 1830:650000
The industrialist saw time as money
before trains: cotton bales were transported through canals which were slow and couldn't carry the weight of cotton that was being generated. So this was a good reason behind the invention of trains to keep the trade going
first steam engine built in tipton by Thomas Savery
it was used to pump water from the mine shafts
George Stepson was the first one to have the idea of the locomotive to carry people instead of coal
and was the first one to build trains on the industrial scale
30 miles per hour speed of engine
lots of marketing was done. Celebrities like fanny kamble were invited on the first train ride to publicise the invention
The first train locomotive was built by Robert Stephenson and was called Stephenson's Rocket. He was the son of George Stephenson.
Though Rocket was not the first steam locomotive, it was the first to bring together several innovations to produce the most advanced locomotive of its day.
People moved from rural ares to urban sides of the country to find work and the production increased to meet the demands of the growing population.
During industrial revolution, many power driven machines were invented which replaced hand tools
In the space of less than 100 years between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, first Britain, then several other countries completely transformed the nature of their economies.
Effects of Capitalism/Industrialization on Environment
massive increase in energy use, obtained by burning fossil fuels, which powered the development of new industries, transport and a massive throughput of material, and also allowed a large increase in the UK population.
the elementary public services - water supply, sanitation, street-cleaning, open spaces, and so on – could not keep pace with the mass migration of men into the cities, thus producing, especially after 1830, epidemics of cholera and typhoid.
Air and water pollution came, for example, from coal burning, as well as most stages in the production of metals and basic chemicals.
Poor Sanitation System : waste from domestic sources caused additional problems
Devastating effects of water bounre diseases like typhoid and cholera
Air pollution and other disease because of exposure to hazardous materials
the deseases particularly affected working families housed close to the industrial sources.
the enviromental effects of insutrialisation were being ignored
The labor was kept in poor conditions with contaminated water supply and children were working many hours a day on low wages.
the labor was kept in small spaces, most of the times only one room for a family.
Air pollution caused by the smoke and emissions generated by burning fossil fuels
thickening black smog and soot from burning coal aggravated socio-environmental problems (infections, respiratory problems, poisoning, workplace accidents) in the expanding urban slums and factories
black smog from coal burning came predominantly from steam engines and metal smelting in many industrial towns
the smog disaster
of 1952, when 4 000 people died within a few days in London.