Beginnings and Endings (Titles, introductions and other performance…
Beginnings and Endings
Titles, introductions and other performance openers
European-origin written stories/poems begin with the title
Sign Language stories and poems rarely begin with the title
Title is a hint to help find the metaphore
Title can describe the form of the poem
Quite common to not have a title in non-literate cultures
Recorded work should have a title so it can be found by others
Audience may choose a title for a Sign language piece
Specific body posture to signal beginning and end
The beginning 'cracking the whip'
"Hook" the audience from the start
Opening frequently dramatic or mysterious
May start with a question
Forceful beginnings capture audiences
Begin with something unexpected to capture audience
The ending:stopping or concluding?
Ends with closure that creates a coherent, complete and stable feel to the work
May close gently "nothing more to be said"
May close sharply with something unexpected
Some may not close completely
Closure devices created by the 'voice' of the poet - showing and telling
Telling or showing are called "voice"
Narrative voice, a more dramatic voice
Create different endings
European perspective tends to end with scenic closures
Chinese poetry traditionally starts with concrete images and moves toward abstract
Most sign language poems rarely shift between concrete and abstract.
Closure devices withing the form of the text
Word tempo slowed to show closing
Final sign can have a noticeably larger or sharper movement to show closing
A change in metrical regularity can signal closure
Shocking endings with a taboo sign
Repetition pattern of three, after three you know it is complete
Body language can signal closure
Returning to a state of symmetry
Closure devices driven by content of the text
Closure natural end of the story
Resolution is a closure point
Natural endings occur when we can predict what will happen next