Outline (0.2 Continuity: kings and kingdoms. (Power was fragmented and the…
0.2 Continuity: kings and kingdoms.
Power was fragmented and the subject of disputes between monarch, the privileged estates and cities.
Disputes led to social and political istability (armed conflicts, violence and revolts)
The social structure was reflected in yhe political order of the time.
Disputes led to appearance of couts and parliaments of estates of the realm.
0.3 Changes: key characteristics of a new era
0.4 Factors leading to geographical discoveries
Political and religius factors
Scientific and technical factors
From the Middle Ages to the Early Modern Period
The term modern is used to describe innovative or novel concepts.
The Early Modern Period was a period of changes with respect to the previous era.
However there was also some continuity with the medieval period.
Colective privileges: cities
Exercised through the city council, privileged of a lord, such as charging taxes, having monopolies or administering justice.
Wealthiest membres of city society.
Cities enjoyed the greatest collective privileges.
0.1 Continuity: feudal economics and society.
Continued to enjoy privileges such as collecting tithe payments and having their own justice system.
Had a spiritual function in society.
They could be feudal lords.
Most members were peasants or artisans, merchants, doctors, lawyers, etc.
They did not had their own justice system
The taxes they paid sustained the privileged estates.
They only pay taxes to the monarch if they agree in yhe parliaments.
The most important noblemen had feudal estates.