Title: LDT 581 - M2
Title: Define what constitutes a theory of learning.
Title: Identify and discuss different perspectives on learning.
Title: What is Learning?
Title: Complex phenomenon that occurs throughout one’s lifetime.
Title: Spans a variety of contexts and content.
Title: From reflexive, psychomotor reactions.
Title: To intricate interplays of cultural and cognitive moves.
Title: The process of learning can range from simple to complex
Title: It’s impacted by
Title: Varied cultural contexts
Title: Personal inclinations
Title: Learning Theories
Title: Conceptualizations that try to link obvservable changes in individual behaviorand performance to processes by which the result are brought about.
Title: Different learning theories assume different perspectives
Title: Evaluation of learning
Title: Marcy Driscoll, Chapter 1: Introduction to Theories of Learning and Instruction
Title: Historical evolution and background of learning theories.
Title: Orientation questions:
Title: What is a learning theory? How is it defined and how are learning theories developed?
Title: How do epistemology and ontology play a role in different learning theories?
Title: How did learning theories evolve over time, and who are the people most closely connected to the development of different theories?
Title: What is Theory of Learning?
Title: A Definition of Learning
Title: A Definition of Learning Theory
Title: Learning in History
Title: The Epistemology of Learning
Title: Early Experimental Approaches to Learning
Title: Learning Theory and Instruction
Title: The General Plan and Approach of This Book
Title: Kermit and the Keyboard
Title: Key Concepts
Title: A persisting change in performance or performance potential that results from experiences and interaction with the world
Title: Learning Theory
Title: Set of constructs linking results, means, inputs
Title: Results: changes in performance
Title: Means: hypothetized structures and processes responsible for learning
Title: Inputs: resources or experiences that trigger learning
Title: Epistemological Traditions
Title: Reallity is external and independent of the learner and comes to be know through sensory experience
Title: Reality exists but cannot be known directily; knowledge comes through signs and is always provisional
Title: Reality and knowledge are constructed by the knower through rational thought
Title: Experimental Approaches
Title: Ebbinghauss: Principle of association
Title: Thorndike: Law of effect
Title: Pavlov: Classical conditioning
Title: Gestalt Theory: Insightful learning
Title: Mike Rose: The Working Life of a Waitress
Title: Ilustrate the complexity of learning for one individual
Title: Dimensions ot Learning
Title: Holistic nature of learning
Title: Slack Discussion about Rose’s article
Title: What lines stand out to you as particularly memorable or that seem to resonate with your experience?
Title: Why they made an impact as you were reading?
Title: Personal Living History
Title: LDT581 - W3
Title: The Cognitive Perspective on Learning
Title: Contributions to the Theory: Major Types of Cognitivism
Title: Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development
Title: Vygotsky’s Social Cognitivism
Title: Implications of Cognitivism for Classroom Practices
Title: Teaching Methods Based on Some Principles of Cognitive Learning Theory
Title: Cognitive Apprenticeship
Title: Reciprocal Teaching
Title: Anchored Instruction
Title: Inquiry Learning
Title: Discovery Learning
Title: Problem Based-Learningd
Title: Constructivist Learning
Title: Origins of Constructivist Learning
Title: Constructivist Learning After Piaget
Title: Constructivist Teaching
Title: Implications for Out-of-School Learning
Title: Radical Behaviorism
Title: The Experimental Analysis of Behavior
Title: Respondent and Operant Behavior
Title: Contingencies of Reinforcement
Title: Principles of Behavior Management
Title: Strengthening or Weakening Operant Behaviors
Title: Strengthening a Response: Positive Reinforcement
Title: Strengthening a Response: Negative Reinforcement
Title: Weakening a Response: Punishment
Title: Weakening a Response: Reinforcement Removal
Title: Teaching New Behaviors
Title: Discrimination Learning and Fading
Title: Maintaining Behavior
Title: Fixed Ratio Schedules
Title: Fixed Internal Schedules
Title: Variable Ratio and Variable Internal Schedules
Title: Planning a Program of Behavior Change
Title: Step One: Set Behavioral Goals
Title: Step Two: Determine Appropriate Reinforces
Title: Step Three: Select Procedures for Changing Behaviors
Title: Step Four: Implement Procedures and Record Results
Title: Step Five: Evaluate Progress and Revise as Neccesary
Title: Contributions of Behaviorism to Instruction
Title: Changing Behavior Through Behavior Modification
Title: Managing Learning and Behavior in Instructional Systems
Title: Classroom Management
Title: Instructional Objectives
Title: Contingency Contracts
Title: Personalized System of Instruction (PSI)
Title: Teaching Machines to Computer-Based Instruction
Title: Improving Performance in Organizational Systems
Title: The Behaviorist Perspective on Learning: Issues and Criticisms
Title: Verbal Behavior
Title: Reinforcement and Human Behavior
Title: Intrinsic Motivation