Electricity (Static Charges have potential energy (Electric Potential…
Static Charges have potential energy
Electric Potential Energy
is the amount of electric potential energy per unit charge at a certain position in an electric field.
equal to one joule of energy per coulomb of charge
Lightning is an example
Material affect charge movement
Conductors and Insulators
does not allow a charge to pass through it
allows and electric charge to pass through it easily
is the property of a material that determines how easily a charge can move through it
measured in ohms
a low resistance path for electricity to follow
Materials can become electrically charged
The space around a particle through which and electric charge can exert this force.
a property that allows and object to exert an electric force on another object without touching it.
Static Charges are caused by the movement of electrons
a buildup of electric charge in an object caused by the presence of many particles with the same charge.
Charging by Induction
When the electrons try to be pulled away but they cant so they move to the side away from the negative charges.
a buildup of charge without direct contact
How materials affect static charging
Materials that touch each other can give up electrons or take some.
Charging by Contact
When 2 objects touch each other and transfers electrons.
Electric Charge can flow continuously
the flow of charge
Current, Voltage, and Resistance