Social Changes caused by the market revolutoion (The Factory System (Was…
Social Changes caused by the market revolutoion
The Factory System
Was stimulated by the Embargo Act and the War of 1812 which stopped British Trade. The first factory was a way for America to produce cotton textiles.
Steam Power and Factories:Steam power helped factories start to be made in places farther from the coast. There was also more products being produced that differentiated from just cotton textiles.
Interchangeable parts:Parts could easily be replaced and this lead to major spread of skill through out America. This lead dispersion of major skills through out America
The organization of the factories through splitting up roles and parts made the whole process more efficient
The clock, not the sun, dictated hours of factory work. This was different from the farmer lifestyle.
Workers were paid by the wage, and by the whims of the employer. This undermined the feeling of freedom which was key to the nation of America.
The growth of Immigration
The modernization of agriculture and the industrial revolution disrupted the life pattern of farmers and peasants influencing them to find a new location to farm in the Americas
Economic expansion brought demands for labor causing increased immigration. Although in 1790 and 1830, only a margin were immigrants, by 1840 and 1860, over 4 million people immigrated to America
The "Mill" Girls
New England textile mills greatly utilized female and child labor. This was most evident at Lowell where women dominated the workforce.They were a major part of the economy.
There was a major increase in agriculture production from new tools and fertilizer such as Steel Plow:Inventor : John Deere.Helped subdue seeds very fastly and Reaper:Inventor: Cyrus McCormick.horse drawn machine that increased the amount of wheat that could be harvested
Eastern farmers focused more on dairy products since they couldn't harvest or produce agriculture like their western counterparts.
Farmers moved away from working for individual sustenance-the Jeffersonian idyll- and instead mass-produced for the consumer market.
They moved closer to the Hamiltonian idyll where good were sold on a mass market; buying and selling for all
The Rise of Nativism
Xenophobia was a very distinct part of America since its infancy. After the rise of Catholicism in America, there were many Protestant riots in America
The influx of Irish settlers caused American "nativists" to cause riots and start to believe that all the problems in America were caused by these new immigrants
The Transformation of Law
The law increasingly helped corporations overcame interference from local governments and other laws
Multiple courts have upheld the validity of corporate charters because they help stimulate the economy in the Market Revolution
Cases like Gibbons v. Ogden allowed the Supreme court to define the new laws and nurture the formation of corporations.
The Courts protected corporations. The state granted charters and grants to build canals and railroads. Investment was at an all-time high due to the production of new infrastructure.