Elements of the market economy (Road and Steamboats (Allowed for faster…
Elements of the market economy
Road and Steamboats
Allowed for faster and more efficient transport of goods across land and sea.
Tolls on roads on America allowed for overland transport paid for by the American people.
Before these, the fastest and efficient route was by water and sea, even if there were more direct overland routes.
Steamboats traveled on new man-made canals which connected rivers and made for faster travel
It was 363 miles long and was completed in 1825 in New York.
It was a remarkable feat of engineering which facilitated the migration of farmers to the area creating cities such as Buffalo, Syracuse and Rochester.
Many states wanted to match the success of New York, by the end of 1837 almost 3000 miles of canals were built in the United States.
Linked Great Lakes with the Hudson, making New York the nation's best port.
Railroads and Telegraphs
Railroads provided an efficient method of transport across the country that was faster than on horseback. Additionally, large amounts of goods and services could be transported long distances.
Telegraphs allowed for quick communication over long distances without the parties physically meeting each other.
Advancements in technology allowed markets to expand since ore goods could be bought and sold from and to long distances.
Rise of the West
With improvement of transportation between 1790 and 1840 more then 4.5 million people crossed the Appalachian mountains to go west.
Most of the migration occurred after the war of 1812. After the end of the war in 1815 6 new states entered the union including Indiana Illinois, Missouri, Alabama, Maine and Mississippi.
Most settlers of the west did not come alone, they usually cooperated with each other to create houses and communities.
The cotton kingdom
In the South, cotton was the major cash crop., Eli Whitney created the cotten gin- which helped increase cotton production during the Industrial Revolution
Cotton was profitable in the South, and as a result many plantations were established. Much of the land was dedicated to cotton production, just like the Jeffersonian idyll.
The South needed large amounts of slaves in order to work the plantation. Therefore, the South advocated for slaves to be considered in the population for voting.