Slavery in the New World (Slavery in the Caribbean (Even though the…
Slavery in the New World
Slavery in the Caribbean
Young men and the old were also put to work. Doing jobs such as driving away birds, cleaning and guarding.
Male slaves were worked to death and eventally replaced with another slave in his place.
Space was very close for slaves, in the Caribbean, slaves were held on much larger amount, with many plantations holding 150 slaves or more. And this compares to South Americas which had one slaveholder have over one thousand slaves. And 125 slave owners had 150 slaves.
Many slaves committed suicide or ran away during this time just to be able to escape the rough conditons and work that came with being a slave in the Caribbean
Most of the slaves had to work barefoot because shoes weren't part of the annuel slave clothing allowance.
Women Slaves during this period were mostly used as sexual objects. And after long days at work for the men, women were expected to provide sexual services.
When there was poor times at harest then there we large numbers of deaths due to starvation because of the limited amount of food. But in 1682 a law was passed that stated that plantation owners had to provide food for there slaves to avoid starvation.
Even though the legislative assemblies passed "slave codes" that were supposed to prohibit slave abuse but the law was very much ignoreed and not enforced.
In sugar cane plantations workers were put into gangs due to there physical conidtions and strengths. For example, the stronger and more healthier men were sent into the fields to pick sugar cane and harvest.
Plantation owners would would provide weekly ration of food such as salt herrings, sweet potatoes, maize, and the occasional salted West Indian turtle. But also had to have wild diet to manatain their lifes.
At Mount Vernon nearly 2/3 of the slaves were married and this was acknowledged by the slaves and George Washington himself surprisingly. The slaves who were married to slaves from other plantations were actually allowed to travel to see them on Saturday nights and on Sundays because they were off.
Mount Vernon was separated into five different farms with an overseer at each, sometimes these overseers were a slave. Slave work days typically lasted 8 hours in the winter and 14 hours in the summer including generally 2 hours off to eat. Slaves and free people at the estate were given off on Sunday and given off on certain holidays.
In order to have slave control at Mount Vernon they used physical punishment like whips and beating... However a house guests journal says that Washington did not allow his slaves to be whipped.
Slavery at George Washington's Mount Vernon
When whipping or demoting a slave didn't work as repercussion or punishment the ultimate punishment would be to just sell the slave away.
Around 75% of slaves at Mount Vernon worked in the fields. Slaves who had a disability were given less physically demanding jobs like picking seeds or making clothes.
However, sometimes slaves were also rewarded for good work if they were deserving. They would be given better blankets, clothes, and even cash rewards. Washington would do this to encourage them and he would also encourage and motivate them verbally.
In 1799, there were 316 slaves at the estate. The jobs done consisted of house servants, blacksmiths, barrel makers, cooks, dairy maids, gardeners, and several more. These jobs were generally done by the men.