Teddy Roosevelt's Square Deal (Health and the Environment (Regulating…
Teddy Roosevelt's Square Deal
Using Federal Power
stock holding companies
removed competition and then raised prices
Teddy didn't believe they were all bad
1902 Coal Strike:
Miners in Pennsylvania went on strike and demanded a 20 percent raise and a nine-hour workday.
Coal stocks ran low.
Teddy called both sides to the white house to talk and eventually settled the strike.
Teddy argued and the congress passed the Elkins act in 1903.
Hepburn Act of 1906 strictly limited the distribution for free railroad passes.
Teddy had to compromise with conservation senators who opposed the act
Health and the Environment
Regulating food and drugs
He appointed a commission of experts to investigate the meatpacking industry.
Teddy pushed for passage of the Meat Inspection Act in 1906.
The compromise that won the acts package, however left the government paying for the inspections. The act also did not require companies to label their canned goods with the date-of-processing information.
Pure food and Drug act
Dr.Harvey Washington Wiley, chief chemist at the department of agriculture, criticized manufactures for adding harmful preservation to food. He brought needed attention to this issue.
This law halted sale of contaminated foods and medicines and called for the truth in labeling.
Pure food and drug act reflected the changing relationship between the federal government and private business during the period. This act marked the first general pure food and drug law at the federal level.
Conservation and Natural resources
Americans had shortly exploited there natural environment.
Ranchers allowed there cattle to overgraze the plains, Coal companies cluttered the land with refuse from mines, lumber companies ignored the effected of their logging operations on flood control.
they neglected to plant trees to replace those they had cut down.
cities dumped untreated sewage and industrial wastes into rivers, poisoning streams and creating health hazards.
Teddy set aside 148 million acres, also 1.5 million acres of water power sites, 80 million acres of land experts from the Geological Survey would explore for mineral and water sources.
Teddy also established 50 wildlife sanctuaries and several national parks and monuments, including the Grand Canyon, Muir woods, Crater Lake, and Mesa Verde National Park.
Conservation like Teddy and Pinchot, however did not share the views of Muir, who advocated complete preservation of the wilderness. The used it for common good.
Roosevelt and Civil Rights
In 1906, however, Roosevelt angered many African Americans when he dismissed without question an entire regiment of African American soldiers accused of conspiracy in protecting others charged with murder in Brownsville, Texas.
African Americans were deeply upset by the apparent progressive indifference to racial injustice.
Roosevelt appointed and African American as head of the Charleston, South Carolina, customhouse.