The first theories of Pedagogical Modernity (Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Fröebel…
The first theories of Pedagogical Modernity
Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Fröebel, Herbart.
created several institutions that later became recognized as of great experimental value
accepted that education be done by natural development
united the understanding of the educational role of entertainment.
his ideas contributed to awakening new and serious problems in the field of education.
and in the deformations that the circumstances of social life could produce
He expressed himself contrary to teaching through memorization
He believed in the original purity of children
He was the first to define Psychology as a separate science from Philosophy and Physiology
He is considered the father of Psychology
His most outstanding contribution was to formulate a learning theory
Theory of Appreciation "
5.2 The Experimentalism
In principle, it is usually the opposite of popular taste.
He proceeds to imitate science, following the empirical method, based on trial and error, in his relentless search for new forms of expression.
It is called experimentalism, as opposed to classicism, to all that artistic manifestation (of a musical, poetic, theatrical, plastic type ...) of a marked transgressive and rupturist tendency with respect to the previous models.
5.3 Dewey's Scientism.
He created three possible teacher models
involved in the classroom making it a place of investigation.
teachers trained in observation and research skills, and who cooperate in the formulation and verification of hypotheses.
those who did it in pure research
5.4 The New School: principles and methodological contributions (Montesori, Decroly and others).
The method of scientific pedagogy is to do a pedagogical experiment
He was born in Europe and in the United States, where he was also called Progressive School