The Development Gap :red_flag: (Gender Inequality (in India) (Women remain…
The Development Gap :red_flag:
Gender inequality in India
Gender Equality is central to inclusive economic growth and is critical for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. Discrimination against women is prevalent everywhere in the world and more so in Indian society.
Gender inequality in India refers to the health, education, economic and political health over their lifetimes, their educational attainment, and economic conditions. It also in India is a multifaceted issue that concerns men and women alike.
The root cause of gender inequality in Indian society lies in its patriarchy system.
Patriarchy is a system of social structure and practices in which men dominate, oppress and exploit women, it finds its validity and sanction in our religious beliefs.
Poverty and lack of education derive women to work in low paying domestic service, organized prostitution or as migrant labourers.
Educating a girl child is still seen as a bad investment because she is bound to get married and leave her paternal home.
In case of family food habits, it is the male child who gets all the nutritious and choicest foods. On the contrary, girls always get a poor quality of food at their paternal home or her in-laws, which leads to a high incidence of women's fertility difficulties and anemia.
Cultural influences favour the preference for sons for reasons related to kinship, lineage, inheritance, identity, status, and economic security.
In extreme cases, discrimination takes the form of honour killings who fail to conform to gender expectations about marriage.
Providing Economic Growth opportunities
When women earn more, public finances will improve and commercial profits increase because of increased demand and productivity better-educated mothers produce healthier children and women who earn more invest in the next generation.
Where women's participation in the labour force grew fastest, the economy experienced the largest reduction in poverty rates greater control over household resources by women, can enhance countries' growth prospects by changing spending in ways that benefit children Providing Economic Growth opportunities empowering women as economic, political, and social actors can change policy choices and make institutions more representative of a range of voices.
Gender Inequality (in India)
Women remain subject to traditional attitudes that define their primary role as being in the home.
Women often lack access to the financing needed to start or expand a business. Globally, the value of women's unpaid work performed is three times higher than that of men, whereas, in the Asia-Pacific region, it is four times higher.
Unconscious bias in the workplace.
Though they comprise almost 40% of agricultural labour, they control only 9% of land in India.
More than 50% of women have no valuable assets to their name. India has a lower share of women's contribution to the GDP than the global average.
Women face great physical insecurity. Crimes against women such as rapes, dowry deaths, and honour killings.
A culturally ingrained parental preference for sons-emanating from their importance as caregivers for parents in old age.
How we can Eliminate Gender Inequality
Real change will only come when the mentality of men will change and start treating women as equal and not subordinate or weaker to them.
Women also need to change their mindset and stop playing a supportive role in furthering men's agenda of dominating women.
Movement for Women's empowerment where women can become economically independent and self-reliant, fight their fears and go out in the world fearless where they can snatch their rights from the clutches of men and they don't have to ask for them.