Frustration Aggression Hypothesis (Dollard et al. (1939) (Frustration…
Frustration Aggression Hypothesis
Pushing thoughts into the unconscious, Purposefully forgetting
Not accepting the ego threatening truth, Deny the current situation and continue as if it never happened
Reverting back to a behavioural traits exhibited as a child as it is a familiar comforting behaviour, E.g sucking thumb, sleeping with stuffed animal, acting far younger than you are, looking to others to take care of you
Coming up with a beneficial result of the undesirable outcome, looking for the bright side whilst still not fully coming to terms with your own emotions
Separate yourself from your emotions and focus on academia, Instead of thinking about the ego threatening situation, you begin to focus on some form of learning
Redirecting one’s true feelings to another person or object, Often will displace on a less threatening subject
Believing that the feelings one holds is reflected or matched in others,This could be seen in someone believing that two people feel love for each other when it is completely one sided, or if someone was worried that the other person was cheating without any real purpose, this could be projection of that person's own cheating
Expressing opposite of how one truly feels, Bullying or harassing someone who you really have feelings for, could be seen in sexuality
Channel ones frustration into a different goal, usually creative or constructive
Definition of psychodynamics
1: The psychology of mental or emotional forces or processes developing especially in early childhood and their effects on behavior and mental states.
2: Explanation or interpretation (as of behavior or mental states) in terms of mental or emotional forces or processes.
The Psychodynamic Perspective
emphasizes unconscious psychological processes (for example, wishes and fears of which we’re not fully aware), and contends that childhood experiences are crucial in shaping adult personality.
Dollard et al. (1939)
Frustration Agression Hypothesis:
Dollard's et al. theory is based on the psychodynamic theory of catharsis
The two psychodynamic defence mechanisms that are applied to frustration aggression theory are:
: Transferring aggression into acceptable activities, ie; sport
: Directing aggression onto someone or something else, ie; kicking the dog
Dollard et al. defined frustration as: "an interference with the occurrence of an instigated goal/response". Frustration in this case is considered as an event instead of an affective state.
It is important to note that this theory is considered to be applicable to both human and animal behaviour.
When we're frustrated we look for someone to blame and release our aggression upon. However, Dollard's theory also attempts to explain scapegoating, where we will often blame a person who has had no involvement in creating our initial frustration.
stated that it is necessary to have an aggression stimulus to make aggression take place. Then in 1974 and 1993, he remodified the frustration/aggression hypothesis into a theory that removed the importance of aggressive cues to the aggressive behavior
Compare and analyse the theory of Reasoned Action with the Frustration Aggression Hypothesis
Predict how people will behave based on their pre-existing attitudes and behavioural patterns
Decision to engage in particular behaviour is based on the outcomes the individual will expect as a result
The primary purpose of the theory of reasoned action is to understand and individuals voluntary behaviours by examining the underlying basic motivation to perform an action.
Defence Mechanisms That Can Lead To Aggression
Creating stunt cone