Intestinal Diseases caused by parasites (Isosporiasis, also known as…
Intestinal Diseases caused by parasites
, also known as
, is a human intestinal disease caused by the parasite Isospora belli
acute, non-bloody diarrhea with crampy abdominal pain, which can last for weeks and result in malabsorption and weight loss. In immunodepressed patients
Eosinophilia may be present (differently from other protozoan infections)
the least common of the three intestinal coccidia that infect humans (Toxoplasma, Cryptosporidium, and Isospora).
the treatment of choice is trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole
Amoebiasis - infection by Entamoeba histolytica
transmitted by the fecal-oral route
Symptoms may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, or
. Complications can include inflammation and ulceration(flask lesions) of the colon with tissue death or perforation, which may result in peritonitis. People affected may develop anemia due to loss of blood.
severe watery diarrhea, bloating, fever, stomach cramps, and muscle aches.
often treated with trimethaprim-sulfamethaxozol
pathogenic protozoan transmitted by feces or feces-contaminated food and water
cyclosporiasis was identified as one of the most important opportunistic infections among AIDS patients
causes diarrhea and wasting in immunocompromised individuals
is a parasitic disease caused by Cryptosporidium, a genus of protozoan parasites
It affects the distal small intestine and can affect the respiratory tract in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised.
In immunocompromised persons, cryptosporidiosis may disseminate to other organs
Non-inflammatory diarrhoea. Can be severe. Hard to treat
Cryptosporidium is a genus of protozoan pathogens which is categorized under the phylum Apicomplexa. Other apicomplexan pathogens include the
parasite Plasmodium, and
, the causative agent of toxoplasmosis.