Cognitive Approach (Key terms that are used to explain behaviour with the…
Key terms that are used to explain
behaviour with the approach
Computer analogy- Processing
information like a computer
Cognitive Revolution- This is the cognitive approach
Long- term memory- Brains durable, storage unit holding all knowledge and skills
Recognition- a measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned
Recall- a measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier
Relearning- a measure of memory that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material again
Working memory- conscious, active processing of incoming auditory and visual- spatial information, and of information retrieved from long-term memory.
Explicit memory- memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and "declare".
Implicit memory- retention independent of conscious recollection.
Automatic Processing- non-conscious encoding of incidental information, such as space, time, and frequency, and of well-learned information, such as word meanings.
Procedural memory- remembering how to do things
Shallow processing- encoding information on basic auditory or visual levels, based on the sound, structure or appearance of a word.
Deep processing- encodes semantically, based on actual meaning associated with the word.
What does the approach
think causes behaviour
That the human mind is an information processor, like a computer.
Information is inputted into the mind, processed, and then outputs the information in the form of memories
How this approach explains
the fear of Social phobia
Memories of being humiliated
in public or social situation
Which can effect the deep
processing in the brain
Example of how this
approach explains how