SCHOOLING & SOCIAL CHANGE: Framing the challenges (New democracy …
SCHOOLING & SOCIAL CHANGE: Framing the challenges
Launched in 1994, national unity took power in South Africa with an official order to changing racial apartheid state to modern democracy.
New government, faced with a challenge of rebuilding the education system, develop the economy, change the society to value human dignity, equality and justice.
The doors of learning and culture shall be opened!
After 40 years of apartheid, finally its was brought to an end.
Scale & educational
change: Approaches to education and educational change
Global scale relates to the challenges faced in the educational change as a result of globalisation.
Scale of nation state development focuses on how the economy decisions in the nation affect the education change.
Scale of the school and classrooom, and the need for giving out quality learning experience to all regardless of their own background
Scale of state policy limits changing schools and focus on opening possibilities for educational change in terms of modern state
Conceptual framework for educational change
Structure and agency - Touches on the main question that the humanities and social sciences poses and help us understand e.g how do individuals live in and shape their lives as they would love to?
The Social imagination - Way of thinking about structure, agency & history ~ Wright Mills.
Personal trouble e.g When in a city of 100000, only one man is unemployed that is his personal trouble.
Social issues e.g when in a nation of 50 million employees, 15 million are unemployed that is an issue.
Ethics refers to the practice of thinking about what living as a human subject in relation to fellow subjects and the world they share, demand of us ~ Theorist Anna Yeatman (2004).
Equity and social justice
Differentiate equity from equality. It's points out that equality means the sameness of treatment but still people don't experience that, and another point is that education, societies & system should aim for equity and fairness.
Vision of the new South African Constitution of 1996
Everyone shall have a right a) To basic education include adult education, b) To further education, which the country should ensure that that is available and accessible to everyone.
10 years later, the vision hasn't been put into practice!