INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 4.0 (Characteristics :tada: (Cyber-Physical System…
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 4.0
Industry 4.0 is surrounded by a huge network of advanced technologies across the value-chain. Service, Automation, Artificial Intelligence Robotics, Internet of Things and Additive Manufacturing are bringing in a brand new era of manufacturing processes
Components : : :red_flag:
It's described as one where a corporation should both cooperate and compete with corporations that have similar characteristics to create an efficient production system. (Wang et al., 2016)
Its delivers the idea of a factory that has various informational and physical subsystems, for example like production management, actuator and sensor, value and corporate planning(Chesbrough, H. W. (2006)
End-To-End engineering integration
Its chain of activities throughout the product-centric value creation process involves aspects such as customer requirement expression, product development and design, recycling, production engineering, production services, production planning and maintenance. (European Commission (2013)
Government Initiatives : :checkered_flag:
United States of America (USA)
Started a series of national-level actions, discussions and recommendations, titled ‘Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (AMP)’, (President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, 2014).
In 2012, an action plan known as ‘High-Tech Strategy 2020’ was passed
It's launched ‘La Nouvelle France Industrielle’. This program prioritized 34 sector-based ways in France’s industrial policy (Conseil national de l’industrie 2013)
United Kingdom (UK)
‘Future of Manufacturing’ was implemented. This program refocused and rebalanced the policies to support the resilience of UK manufacturing until 2050(Foresight, 2013).
It had emphasized four ways and tasks for improvement of Korean manufacturing (Ministry of Trade Industry and Energy of South Korea, 2014).
China’s government launched two actions simultaneously i.e. the ‘Internet Plus’ and ‘Made in China 2025’ strategies. (Zhai, W., Sun, S., & Zhang, G. 2016).
Singapore government launched its RIE 2020 Plan (Research, Innovation and Enterprise) with a budget of $19 billion.
Malaysia, the government aggressively took action by undertaking various efforts in helping industry players to embrace Industry 4.0 through the implementation of automation and smart manufacturing.
Cyber-Physical System (CPS)
Each production system of CPS has sensors installed in the entire physical aspects in order to connect the physical things with virtual models
Internet of Things (IoT)
Generally, IoT can provide advanced connectivity of systems, services, physical objects, enables object-to-object communication and data sharing(Schwab, K. 2016)
Internet of Services (IoS)
The Internet of Services (IoS) acts as “service vendors”. Activities are triggered through data transfers in the information technology to make daily mobility safer, easier and pleasant
Big Data and Analytics
Big data analytics is beneficial for predictive manufacturing and is an important direction for industrial technology development through the rapid development of the Internet.
It can predict with high accuracy and allows the frequency of maintenance to be kept at low numbers by utilizing predictive maintenance to prevent any unplanned reactive maintenance.
The robots will interact with each other and collaborate actively with humans under the guidance of handlers.
Additive Manufacturing (3D Printing)
Additive manufacturing is one of the crucial tools to embrace Industry 4.0
Cloud Computing (CM)
It's a relatively new system logic that provides a huge space of storage for the user. A small amount of money allows enterprises or individuals to access these resources.(McKinsey,2012)
Simulation modelling is a way of running a real or virtual process or a system to find out or guess the output of the modelled system or process
Industry 4.0 describes a future scenario of industrial production that is characterized by the aspects of a new level of controlling, organizing and transforming the entire value chain with the life cycle of products,resulting in higher productivity and flexibility through three types of effective integration which are horizontal, vertical and end-to-end engineering integration