Magna Carta Analysis by SHAAN JOHAL PER.4 (COMMITMENT TO "DUE PROCESS…
Magna Carta Analysis by SHAAN JOHAL PER.4
COMMITMENT TO "DUE PROCESS OF LAW"
Established procedures; no trial without evidence/testimony to support accusations; reliance on local courts and magistrates; trials held in a timely manner; trials open to the public; trial by jury of one's peers
(17) They are establishing a permanent court. Here they could keep legal records and other legal documents. It would also help with uncertain schedules and indefinite delays.
(18) Some small cases would be better in local courts instead of having a big deal out of a little thing.
(36) They can not just kill you unless they have a reason from court.
(38) You can not say someone has done a crime until they have evidence that they did this crime.
(39) You have to have a jury to also hear the case. This makes it so multiple people can different opinions.
(63)The people in the kingdom kept these rights and it will always be passed down.
FAIRNESS OF THE LAWS AND THEIR EXECUTION
"Reasonable" rules and regulations; equal justice under the law; recognition of customs, traditions, and established rights; restoration of property and fines if not justly taken; punishment in proportion to the crime.
(19) They would try to make a fair hearing.
(20-21) The punishemnt for a crime that you did has to be egual to what you did. You could not just kill someone for stealing food.
(45) Law enforcement must know the law to make sure people are following it.
RESPECT FOR ECONOMIC RIGHTS
Right to property; fairness in economic transactions--standard weights and measures; reimbursement for and/or restoration of property; freedom for merchants to move in order to conduct business
(55) All fines must be fair and just.
(60) Everyone in the kingdom had rights and liberty.
RULE OF LAW
Powers and privileges of the king are clearly defined and limited; charter provides for enforcement of restrictions placed on the king.
(1) The church is guaranteed rights and freedom and it does not matter what the king says.
(24) The law had to stay the same and could not change depending on the crime.
(40) Everybody has justice and rights. Rights can not be sold or taken away.