Magna Carta Analysis by NAME NAME PERIOD (FAIRNESS OF THE LAWS AND THEIR…
Magna Carta Analysis by NAME NAME PERIOD
COMMITMENT TO "DUE PROCESS OF LAW"
Established procedures; no trial without evidence/testimony to support accusations; reliance on local courts and magistrates; trials held in a timely manner; trials open to the public; trial by jury of one's peers
38: no official is allowed to place a man on trial without proof or witnesses of what he is being accused of unless found guilty of what he is being accused of. A faithful witness has to attest in order to be proven guilty or free.
FAIRNESS OF THE LAWS AND THEIR EXECUTION
"Reasonable" rules and regulations; equal justice under the law; recognition of customs, traditions, and established rights; restoration of property and fines if not justly taken; punishment in proportion to the crime.
19 is about fairness and that the person or criminal will have a chance to be heard. the seriousness of the crime will not matter but the county court will always make an attempt or will give him/her a chance to be heard.
21 is about getting charged only by the gravity of their offence.
18:someone from the royal court had to be sent when a case showed up or trial to at least give her/him a chance to speak and could be held at any courtroom depending on case.
39: no one was allowed to send a man to prison or done anything to by anyone else other then the lawful judgement of his equals.
55: if judged unrightfully you have a chance to speak up once again by twenty five barons who will give their answer and will be based off majority to decide.
63:every man will have the same rights no matter what
RESPECT FOR ECONOMIC RIGHTS
Right to property; fairness in economic transactions--standard weights and measures; reimbursement for and/or restoration of property; freedom for merchants to move in order to conduct business
20 is about getting charged by the degree of the crime or offense. the punishment should depend on the seriousness of the crime and should be punished fairly.
40: if not able to pay fee for certain writs not mattering your wealth or money and if you could not pay you could not afford to have justice on something because you have to pay the fine.
RULE OF LAW
Powers and privileges of the king are clearly defined and limited; charter provides for enforcement of restrictions placed on the king.
17 is about lawsuits and where the proper place is to be held at a permanent court and not at a royal court. they also want a permanent court so that they have a place to place legal records to be stored and consulted.
24 is about a royal justices and that any lawsuits that are to be held by royal justices and only them should not be held or thought of being held by Sheriff,constables,coroners or other royal officials.
36 is about the criminal and their economics. if the criminal is poor or rich they all have the right the to attorney for free if not able to afford .
45: if you work with or enforce law you must know the the law and be able to keep it
60: customs and liberties would expand through the entire kingdom so that all men will have the same rights.