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Difficulty completing ADLs due to fatigue and pain
Inability to cook/clean/perform other IADLs due to fatigue and wheelchair/walker use
Lack of social participation and motivation due to depression
Limited resources and limited time in rehab will minimize her ability to improve her occupational performance in inpatient setting
Client has difficulty completing ADLs such as bathing and dressing due to her fatigue and lack of mobility outside of bed.
Client does not perform IADLs such as cooking and cleaning due to fatigue and inability to move around without the assistance of a wheelchair or walker.
Client will have difficulty participating in her typical roles as a wife and friend due to her depression.
Prevalence: Approximately 257,000 cases reported as the primary diagnosis upon arrival to emergency departments
Symptoms: Fever, mucus-producing cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, fatigue, nausea
Incidence: Affects all individuals equally. However, it is more serious in children and older adults.
Incidence: Women are almost twice as likely as men to have depression. It is also more common in families with lower income levels.
Prevalence: The CDC reported 8.1% of American adults aged 20 or over had depression between 2013 and 2016.
Symptoms: Social isolation, lack of occupational performance, feelings of sadness/hopelessness
Incidence: The CDC estimates concluded that lupus is much more common in African Americans than Caucasians and higher for women than men.
Prevalence: Recent prevalence is unavailable because Lupus is relatively uncommon and difficult to diagnose.
Symptoms: Fatigue, muscle and joint pain, general pain, fever, swelling of joints
Preparatory Methods and Tasks:
utilization of wheelchair to use for mobility, strengthening exercises to improve muscle weakness
"Occupational therapy practitioners could encourage people with SLE to include physical activity as part of their daily routine, such as aerobic exercise to improve function, fatigue, pain and depression" (Poole, Bradford & Siegel, 2019, p. 7).
start with simple ADL/IADLS tasks at bedside and progress from there, main focus is grooming and dressing, provide adaptations and modifications as needed
"Occupational therapy practitioners should identify client-centered goals with people with SLE and help modify tasks or provide adaptive skills training to best meet their goals" (Poole, Bradford & Siegel, 2019, p. 7).
bed positioning to prevent further sores and bed mobility education
"Getting out of bed is an essential daily life task. Difficulty with bed mobility has been reported to be 27.6% in a survey of adults over 65 years of age and as high as 63% in older adults residing in nursing homes" (McAllister & Lewis, 2019, p. 23).
Increased Bed Mobility
LTG: Client will demonstrate bed mobility techniques independently in hospital bed in 12 weeks.
Increased Muscle Strength
LTG: Client will transfer out of bed with modified independence using a walker in 12 weeks.
LTG: Client will complete grooming tasks with modified independence using 2 rest breaks in 12 weeks.
Increased Social Participation
LTG: Client will independently participate in 2 social activities per week based on her daily schedule in 12 weeks.
Beck Depression Inventory
Depression is a psychiatric comorbidity that develops at different stages of lupus (Moustafa et al., 2019, p. 2). Lupus can have a significant impact on a client's health related quality of life as well as satisfaction (Moustafa et al., 2019, p. 2).
Fatigue Assessment Scale
Fatigue is a major complaint of individuals with lupus and is often reported as a debilitating feature of the disease (Horisberger, Courvoisier & Ribi, 2019, p. 1).
The Fatigue Assessment Scale, FAS, is a 10-item self-reported questionnaire that is used to assess the fatigue that individuals feel. Answer choices range from 1-5, 1 being never and 5 being always.
Examples of questions include: "I get tired very quickly" and "I have problems thinking clearly".
Modified Functional Reach Test
In order for the client to perform her ADLs in a safe manner, especially reaching for needed objects in multiple directions, it is important for her to have a good level of stability to engage in her daily activities (Rosa, Perracini & Ricci, 2019, p.149).
As the client is currently in a wheelchair, the modified functional reach test would be beneficial to perform with the client as it can be performed with the client seated. This will help showcase the client’s functional abilities within her current method of mobility.
Observation will occur during every step of evaluation and treatment. Observation of the client will allow the therapist to better understand how she performs her occupations and provides information regarding what adaptations would be beneficial to increase her independence and function.