January 1916 the Military Service Act was passed. This imposed conscription on all single men aged between 18 and 41, but exempted the medically unfit, clergymen, teachers and certain classes of industrial worker. Conscientious objectors, men who objected to fighting on moral grounds– were also exempted, and were in most cases given civilian jobs or non-fighting roles at the front. A second Act passed in May 1916 extended conscription to married men, those with jobs of ‘national importance’ and support for conscripting the clergy grew. The Military Service (No 2) Act then extended conscription to all men between these ages in June 1916, the age range being subsequently extended to 50 in April 1918 . Provision for the conscription of men up to the age of 56 (and the extension of conscription to Ireland for the first time) if the need arose was also incorporated into the 1918 legislation, but never implemented. In addition, there was legislation in July 1917 to enable the conscription of French and Russian citizens residing in Britain.